Aronia melanocarpa

(Michaux) Elliott

Sketch Bot. S. Carolina 1: 557. 1821.

Common names: Black chokeberry
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Mespilus arbutifolia var. melanocarpa Michaux Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 292. 1803
Synonyms: Aronia nigra (Willdenow) Koehne Photinia melanocarpa (Michaux) K. R. Robertson & J. B. Phipps Pyrus arbutifolia var. nigra Willdenow P. melanocarpa (Michaux) Willdenow Sorbus melanocarpa (Michaux) Hey nhold
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 446. Mentioned on page 438, 489.

Stems glabrous or glabrescent. Leaves pale green abaxially, dark green and shiny adaxially, becoming scarlet; blade 2.5–7 × 2.5–3.5 cm, apex subacute to acuminate or apiculate, surfaces glabrous or glabrescent, adaxial midrib stipitate-glandular. Flowers sweet-scented; hypanthium glabrous; sepal margins glabrous; anthers yellow to purplish red. Pomes black, glabrous, taste acid and bitter. 2n = 34, 68.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Jun; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Swamps, bogs, wet thickets, margins of ponds and lakes, beaver ponds, woods, moist high-elevation forests, rock outcrops
Elevation: 0–2000 m

Distribution

V9 752-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Aronia melanocarpa"
stipitate-glandular +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
yellow +  and purplish red +
Richard J. Pankhurst† +
(Michaux) Elliott +
brown +  and gray +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Mespilus arbutifolia var. melanocarpa +
7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br /> (18 cm180 mm <br />0.18 m <br />) +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and obovate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
2.5cm +  and 3.5cm +
reduced +
adnate +  and connate +
Black chokeberry +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–2000 m +
sweet-scented +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
black +  and red +
pilose +  and glabrous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Swamps, bogs, wet thickets, margins of ponds and lakes, beaver ponds, woods, moist high-elevation forests, rock outcrops +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
5-12(-20)-flowered +
crassinucellate +
scarlet +, dark green +  and pale green +
deciduous +
pinnate +  and serrulate-dentate +
toothed +, unlobed +  and lobed +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
Flowering Mar–Jun +  and fruiting Sep–Nov. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Sketch Bot. S. Carolina +
not arillate +
2mm +  and 3mm +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
triangular +
glabrescent +, glabrous +  and appressed-pilose +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
1 +  and 20 +
persistent +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
elongate +
glabrescent +  and glabrous +
Aronia nigra +, Photinia melanocarpa +, Pyrus arbutifolia var. nigra +, P. melanocarpa +  and Sorbus melanocarpa +
Aronia melanocarpa +
species +
inconspicuous +
shrub +  and suckering +