Bellis

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 2: 886. 1753.

,

Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 378. 1754.

Common names: Daisy pâquerette
Etymology: Latin bellus, pretty
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 20. Treatment on page 22. Mentioned on page 16, 20, 23.

Perennials [annuals], 5–20 cm (scapiform; rhizomes herbaceous [roots fibrous]). Stems erect, simple, strigose. Leaves basal (mostly) [sometimes cauline, reduced]; alternate; petiolate; blades 1-nerved, obovate-spatulate to rounded, margins crenate-serrate, strigose. Heads radiate, borne singly. Involucres hemispheric, [3–] 4–6 [–8] × 9–13 mm. Phyllaries 13–14+ in (1–) 2 (–3) series 1-nerved, oblong, subequal, herbaceous, margins entire, abaxial faces strigose. Receptacles conic [hemispheric or nearly flat] (± elongating with age), pitted, epaleate. Ray-florets 35–90 (in [1–] 3–4 series), pistillate, fertile; corollas abaxially often pink or purplish-tinged, adaxially white (closing at night). Disc-florets 60–80+, bisexual, fertile; corollas pale-yellow, tubes much shorter than funnelform [tubular] throats, lobes 5, erect or incurved, deltate; style-branch appendages deltate. Cypselae obconic, compressed, marginally 2-ribbed, eglandular [gland-dotted (sessile)], faces short-strigose [glabrous or ciliate-margined]; pappi 0 [bristles]. x = 9.

Distribution

Introduced; North America, Mediterranean basin, Europe, n Africa, Macaronesia, also to temperate areas worldwide

Discussion

Species 15 (1 in the flora).

O. Fiz et al. (2002) showed that Bellis is closely related to Bellium Linnaeus and Bellidiastrum michelii Cassini (syn. Aster bellidiastrum Scopoli). Subtribe Bellidinae (Cassini ex D. Don) Bentham should be expanded to include the latter in a group of scapiform perennials or annuals. Fiz et al. showed also that Crinitaria and Galatella (two segregates of Aster in the broad sense complex) are sister to Bellidinae. Exact relationships of this group to other subtribes of Astereae are still undetermined.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

... more about "Bellis"
not tailed +, rounded +  and obtuse +
distinct +
subequal +
scarious +
usually triangular +  and linear +
usually deltate +  and lanceolate +
spiciform +, racemiform +, paniculiform +  and corymbiform +
indeterminate +  and determinate +
Luc Brouillet +
Linnaeus +
decurrent +
obovate-spatulate;rounded +
rugulose +  and muricate +
barbellulate +  and barbellate +
Daisy +  and pâquerette +
not 2-lipped +  and actinomorphic +
pale-yellow +, white +, purplish-tinged +  and pink +
compressed +  and obconic +
fertile +  and bisexual +
fertile +  and bisexual +
North America +, Mediterranean basin +, Europe +, n Africa +, Macaronesia +  and also to temperate areas worldwide +
Latin bellus, pretty +
short-strigose +
pistillate +, staminate +  and neuter +
winged +  and beaked +
dispersed +
indeterminate +
heterogamous +  and homogamous +
each +  and sessile +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
hemispheric +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
incurved;erect +
deltate +
entire +  and crenate-serrate +
2-carpellate +
Sp. Pl. +  and Gen. Pl. ed. +
1753 +  and 1754 +
bearing subulate enations +, hairy +  and bristly +
exalbuminous +
appendaged +  and truncate +
papillate +  and smooth +
Compositae +
Asteraceae tribe Astereae +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
tree +, shrub +  and subshrub +