Berberis bealei

Fortune

Gard. Chron. 1850: 212. 1850.

Introduced
Synonyms: Mahonia bealei (Fortune) Carrière
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Shrubs, evergreen, 1-2 m. Stems monomorphic, without short axillary shoots. Bark of 2d-year stems tan, glabrous. Bud-scales 11-13 mm, persistent. Spines absent. Leaves 5-9-foliolate; petioles 2-8 cm. Leaflet blades thick and rigid; surfaces abaxially smooth, shiny, adaxially dull, gray-green; terminal leaflet stalked, blade 6.5-9.3 × 4-7 cm, 1.3-2.3 times as long as wide; lateral leaflet blades ovate or lanceovate, 4-6-veined from base, base truncate or weakly cordate, margins plane, toothed, with 2-7 teeth 3-8 mm tipped with spines to 1.4-4 × 0.3-0.6 mm, apex acuminate. Inflorescences racemose, dense, 70-150-flowered, 5-17 cm; bracteoles ± corky, apex rounded to acute. Berries dark blue, glaucous, oblong-ovoid, 9-12 mm, juicy, solid.


Phenology: Flowering fall–winter (Dec–Mar).
Habitat: Open woodlands and shrublands
Elevation: 100-500 m

Distribution

V3 992-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Ala., Ga., N.C., Va., native, Asia (China)

Discussion

Berberis bealei is commonly cultivated; although it rarely escapes, it is locally naturalized in the southeastern United States. It is resistant to infection by Puccinia graminis.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"thick" is not a number.

... more about "Berberis bealei"
Alan T. Whittemore +
Fortune +
cordate;truncate +
Mahonia +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br /> (9.3 cm93 mm <br />0.093 m <br />) +
obovate +, oblanceolate +  and elliptic +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (7.5 cm75 mm <br />0.075 m <br />) +
4cm;7cm +
scale-like +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Ga. +, N.C. +, Va. +, native +  and Asia (China) +
100-500 m +
small +  and large +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (?) +
compound +  and simple +
spheric +  and cylindric-ovoid or ellipsoid +
Open woodlands and shrublands +
axillary +  and terminal +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (17 cm170 mm <br />0.17 m <br />) +
5-9-foliolate +
reduced +
toothed;plane +
1-carpellate +
basal +  and superior +
club--shaped +
3-merous +  and 2-merous +
nectariferous +
distinct +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
Flowering fall–winter (Dec–Mar). +
Gard. Chron. +
not nodose +
1 +  and 10 +
distinct +
elongate +
Introduced +
1.4mm;4mm +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
elongating +
monomorphic +
with elongate primary-stems and short axillary spur shoots +  and elongate +
palmate +  and pinnate +
persistent +
dull +  and shiny +
Mahonia bealei +
Berberis bealei +
Berberis +
species +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and with tomentose stems +