Beta vulgaris

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 222. 1753.

IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 266. Mentioned on page 259, 265.

Roots fibrous or fleshy. Leaves: petiole 1/2–2/3 or equaling blade length; blade dark red to green, usually with pronounced midrib, somewhat fleshy. Inflorescences cymes, 1–8-flowered, interrupted towards base. Perianth urn-shaped; segments 3–5 × 2–3 mm; receptacle pelviform. Achenes 5–11 per cluster, 3–5 mm. Seeds 1.5–2 mm.

Distribution

V4 485-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Calif., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va., Vt., W.Va., s Europe

Discussion

Subspecies ca. 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Basal leaves usually longer than 10 cm; stems erect; cymes 2-8-flowered; roots swollen, fleshy Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris
1 Basal leaves shorter than 10 cm; stems procumbent to erect; cymes 1-3-flowered; roots fibrous to ± swollen, not fleshy Beta vulgaris subsp. maritima
... more about "Beta vulgaris"
Leila M. Shultz +
Linnaeus +
slippery +
aromatic +
dark red;green +
ovate-cordate +  and rhombic-cuneate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
reddish-brown +, black +, brown +  and green +
spikelike +
Ala. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +  and s Europe +
interrupted +  and 1-8-flowered +
sessile +  and petiolate +
not winged +  and winged +
lobed +  and serrate-dentate +
semi-inferior +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
1 +  and single +
persistent +  and deciduous +
keeled +  and rounded +
urn--shaped +
nonadherent +  and adherent +
papery +  and chartaceous +
pointing +  and ascending +
basal +, median +  and position +
bulbous +  and taprooted +
fusiform +
fleshy +  and fibrous +
verrucate +  and striate +
reniform +  and orbicular +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
cylindric +
not armed +  and not jointed +
opposite +  and alternate +
not fleshy +
2 +  and 3 +
sessile +  and petiolate +
reduced;small +
horizontal +  and vertical +
verrucate +
Beta vulgaris +
species +
perennial +, biennial +  and annual +
polygamous +, dioecious +  and monoecious +