Bonellia macrocarpa subsp. macrocarpa

Synonyms: Jacquinia aurantiaca W. T. Aiton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 252.

Shrubs or trees to 4 m; twigs puberulous-lepidote when young, glabrescent. Stems gray, smooth. Leaves usually alternate, sometimes inconspicuously pseudoverticillate; petiole to 6 mm, sparsely puberulent adaxially; blade usually elliptic, sometimes lanceolate or oblanceolate, 3–6 × 1–2 cm. Racemes to 3 cm. Pedicels ca. 1 mm; bracts lanceolate, 3–7 mm. Flowers: sepals 3–4 mm, margins entire or slightly erose; corolla lobes ovate to suborbiculate, 6–9 mm; stamens shorter than staminodes; staminodes suborbiculate, apex slightly 3-lobed. Berries 3–4 cm diam.; pericarp wrinkled. Seeds ca. 1 cm.


Phenology: Flowering year-round.
Habitat: Disturbed sites
Elevation: 0-10 m

Distribution

V8 519-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Fla., Mexico, West Indies (Cuba), Central America

Discussion

Subspecies macrocarpa is cultivated in Cuba and Florida, where it has escaped. A component of thorn scrub in its native habit, it has escaped into spoil deposits and fringes of mangrove forests in Miami-Dade County.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
Richard P. Wunderlin +
(Cavanilles) Ståhl & Källersjö +
Jacquinia macrocarpa +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
Globose (?) +  and Ovoid (?) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
oblanceolate;lanceolate +
1cm;2cm +
lanceolate +
orange +  and yellow +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Cuba) +  and Central America +
0-10 m +
dicotyledonous +
capsular +  and baccate +
loculicidal +
Disturbed sites +
pedunculate +  and 5-20-flowered +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
erose +  and entire +
superior;partly inferior +
tenuinucellate +  and bitegmic +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Flowering year-round. +
5+-carpellate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
alveolate +
flattened +, elliptic +  and oblong +
distinct +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
epipetalous +  and antipetalous +
epipetalous +  and antisepalous +
suborbiculate +
much-branched +
Jacquinia aurantiaca +
Bonellia macrocarpa subsp. macrocarpa +
Bonellia macrocarpa +
subspecies +
glabrescent +  and puberulous-lepidote +
glandular-punctate +  and with secretory resin canals +
evergreen +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +