Callirhoë bushii

Fernald

Rhodora 11: 51. 1909.

Common names: Bush’s poppy mallow
Endemic
Synonyms: Callirhoë involucrata var. bushii (Fernald) R. F. Martin C. papaver var. bushii (Fernald) Waterfall
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 244. Mentioned on page 241.

Plants perennial. Stems 1–9, weakly erect, ascending, or decumbent, 4.8–14 dm, hairy, hairs 4-rayed, stellate, and often simple, spreading or retrorse, sometimes glabrate. Leaves: stipules persistent, ovate, somewhat auriculate, 8–16 (–21) × 3.5–10 (–13) mm; petiole 2–27 (–37) cm; blade suborbiculate to ovate, (3–) 5–7-lobed, 4–14 (–19) × (2.3–) 5–15 cm, surfaces hairy, hairs stellate and simple, lobes broad, oblong or obovate. Inflorescences racemose; involucellar bractlets 3, lanceolate or ovate, 8–22 × 1–4 mm. Flowers bisexual; calyx lobes valvate in bud, forming apiculate or acuminate point; petals red or pale-red without white basal spot, 2–3.2 cm. Schizocarps 8.5–11.5 mm diam.; mericarps 15–20, 4–4.6 × 2–3.5 mm, sparsely hairy, indehiscent; beaks not prominent, 0.7–2 mm; collars well developed, 2-lobed. 2n = 56.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer(–early fall).
Habitat: Rocky woods, limestone glades, glade margins, meadows, disturbed, open areas
Elevation: 200–500 m

Distribution

V6 438-distribution-map.jpg

Ark., Iowa, Kans., Mo., Okla.

Discussion

Callirhoë bushii is found in the Ozark Plateaus, Ouachita Mountains, and Cherokee Plains. Adventive populations have also been found north of the Missouri River in Iowa and Missouri.

Callirhoë bushii is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Callirhoë bushii"
Laurence J. Dorr +
Fernald +
sagittate +  and hastate +
not prominent +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br /> (19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br />) +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
(3-)5-7-lobed +, suborbiculate +  and ovate +
5cm;15cm +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
ovate +  and lanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Bush’s poppy mallow +
Ark. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mo. +  and Okla. +
200–500 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
dehiscent;indehiscent +
glabrous +  and strigose +
depressed-discoid +, oblate +  and not inflated +
Rocky woods, limestone glades, glade margins, meadows, disturbed, open areas +
retrorse +  and spreading +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
obovate +  and oblong +
entire +  and serrate +
Brown (?) +, Tan (?) +  and Drying (?) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.46 cm4.6 mm <br />0.0046 m <br />) +
wedge--shaped +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
3-40-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
adnate +  and distinct +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
27 cm270 mm <br />0.27 m <br /> (37 cm370 mm <br />0.37 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (27 cm270 mm <br />0.27 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–summer(–early fall). +
acuminate +  and apiculate +
8.5mm +  and 11.5mm +
reniform-pyriform +  and reniform +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
decumbent;ascending;decumbent;ascending;erect +
filiform +  and decurrent +
1-2 times number of carpels +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
10-28-branched +
Callirhoë involucrata var. bushii +  and C. papaver var. bushii +
Callirhoë bushii +
Callirhoë +
species +
glaucous +, glabrous +  and hairy +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +