Callirhoë papaver

(Cavanilles) A. Gray

Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 17. 1849.

Common names: Woods poppy mallow
Endemic
Basionym: Malva papaver Cavanilles Diss. 2: 64, plate 15, fig. 3. 1786
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 244. Mentioned on page 241.

Plants perennial. Stems 2–4 (–10), weakly erect, ascending, or decumbent, 3–10 dm, glabrate or hairy, hairs 4-rayed, stellate, or scattered, simple. Leaves: stipules persistent, oblong, ovate, or rhombic-ovate, 4.3–10 (–12) mm; petiole 2–25 (–36) cm; blade hastate, cordate, triangular, or ovate, 3-lobed or 5 (–7) -lobed, 3–11 × 3.5–13 cm, surfaces hairy, hairs 4-rayed and simple, lobes narrowly lanceolate, linear, linear-falcate, or lanceolate-falcate. Inflorescences racemose; involucellar bractlets 3, rarely absent, narrowly linear, 2–10.5 × 0.1–1.7 mm. Flowers bisexual; calyx lobes valvate in bud, forming apiculate or acuminate point; petals reddish purple without white basal spot, 2.2–4 cm. Schizocarps 7.7–11.2 mm diam.; mericarps 12–20, 2.8–4.2 × 2–3.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy, indehiscent; beaks not prominent, 0.7–1.7 mm; collars scarcely differentiated. 2n = 56, 112.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Pine, oak, and pine-oak woods, margins of woods, dry prairies, old fields
Elevation: 0–200 m

Distribution

V6 439-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., Tex.

Discussion

Callirhoë papaver is known from the Gulf Coastal Plain. It is local and uncommon in Alabama, northern Florida, Georgia, and Mississippi, and more common west of the Mississippi River in Louisiana and eastern Texas.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Callirhoë papaver"
Laurence J. Dorr +
(Cavanilles) A. Gray +
sagittate +  and hastate +
Malva papaver +
not prominent +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (11 cm110 mm <br />0.11 m <br />) +
5(-7)-lobed +, 3-lobed +, ovate +, triangular +, cordate +  and hastate +
3.5cm;13cm +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (1.05 cm10.5 mm <br />0.0105 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.17 cm1.7 mm <br />0.0017 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
differentiated +
Woods poppy mallow +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +  and Tex. +
0–200 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
dehiscent;indehiscent +
glabrous +  and strigose +
depressed-discoid +, oblate +  and not inflated +
Pine, oak, and pine-oak woods, margins of woods, dry prairies, old fields +
scattered +  and stellate +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
lanceolate-falcate +, linear-falcate +, linear +  and lanceolate +
entire +  and serrate +
Brown (?) +, Tan (?) +  and Drying (?) +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (0.42 cm4.2 mm <br />0.0042 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
wedge--shaped +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
3-40-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
adnate +  and distinct +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br /> (36 cm360 mm <br />0.36 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer. +
acuminate +  and apiculate +
Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. +
7.7mm +  and 11.2mm +
reniform-pyriform +  and reniform +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
decumbent;ascending;decumbent;ascending;erect +
filiform +  and decurrent +
1-2 times number of carpels +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
? (?) +, ? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.43 cm4.3 mm <br />0.0043 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
10-28-branched +
Mallow +
Callirhoë papaver +
Callirhoë +
species +
glaucous +, glabrous +  and hairy +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +