Callirhoë triangulata

(Leavenworth) A. Gray

Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. 4: 16. 1849.

Common names: Clustered or purple poppy mallow sand poppy triangular-leaf mallow
Endemic
Basionym: Malva triangulata Leavenworth Amer. J. Sci. Arts 7: 62. 1824
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 6. Treatment on page 245. Mentioned on page 240.

Plants perennial. Stems 1–11 (–35), decumbent, ascending, or weakly erect, 4.5–5 dm, densely hairy, hairs stellate, 4 (–6) -rayed. Leaves: stipules persistent, ovate to lanceolate, 3.7–7.2 mm; petiole 0.5–29 (–34.5) cm; blade triangular or ovatelanceolate, unlobed or shallowly 3-lobed or 5-lobed, (3–) 6–15 (–20) × 3.3–10.5 (–14) cm, surfaces stellate-hairy. Inflorescences paniculate; involucellar bractlets 3, spatulate or obovate, 3–8 × 1.5–3 mm. Flowers bisexual; calyx lobes valvate in bud, forming apiculate or acuminate point; petals red (each with white basal spot), 1.6–3.2 (–3.5) cm. Schizocarps 6–7 mm diam.; mericarps 10–13, 2–4 × 2–3 mm, hairy, hairs simple and 2-rayed, dehiscent; beaks not prominent, to 0.5 mm or absent; collars absent. 2n = 30.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Sand prairies, sand hills, sandy alluvium near streams
Elevation: 100–300 m

Distribution

V6 441-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Miss., Mo., N.C., S.C., Wis.

Discussion

Callirhoë triangulata is found in the upper Mississippi River drainage, especially along the Illinois, Kankakee, Mississippi, Wabash, and Wisconsin rivers. It is also scattered and uncommon in the Gulf and Atlantic coastal plains.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Callirhoë triangulata"
Laurence J. Dorr +
(Leavenworth) A. Gray +
sagittate +  and hastate +
Malva triangulata +
not prominent +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
10.5 cm105 mm <br />0.105 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
5-lobed +, 3-lobed +, unlobed +, ovatelanceolate +  and triangular +
3.3cm;10.5cm +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
obovate +  and spatulate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
Clustered or purple poppy mallow +, sand poppy +  and triangular-leaf mallow +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, S.C. +  and Wis. +
100–300 m +
sparse;copious +
pistillate +  and staminate +
dehiscent;indehiscent +
glabrous +  and strigose +
depressed-discoid +, oblate +  and not inflated +
Sand prairies, sand hills, sandy alluvium near streams +
axillary +  and terminal +
tough-fibrous +
connate +  and distinct +
simple +, stipulate +, sessile +, subsessile +  and petiolate +
distichous +  and alternate +
entire +  and serrate +
Brown (?) +, Tan (?) +  and Drying (?) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
wedge--shaped +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
3-40-carpellate +
(1-)2-many +
3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
adnate +  and distinct +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br />) +
29 cm290 mm <br />0.29 m <br /> (34.5 cm345 mm <br />0.345 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (29 cm290 mm <br />0.29 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–summer. +
acuminate +  and apiculate +
Mem. Amer. Acad. Arts, n. s. +
6mm +  and 7mm +
reniform-pyriform +  and reniform +
persistent +
sessile +  and subsessile +
erect;ascending;erect;ascending;decumbent +
filiform +  and decurrent +
1-2 times number of carpels +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.37 cm3.7 mm <br />0.0037 m <br /> (0.72 cm7.2 mm <br />0.0072 m <br />) +
10-28-branched +
stellate-hairy +
Mallow +
Callirhoë triangulata +
Callirhoë +
species +
glaucous +, glabrous +  and hairy +
monoecious +, dioecious +  and hermaphroditic +