Cardionema

de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle

in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. 3: 372. 1828.

Common names: Sandcarpet
Etymology: Greek kardio, heart, and nema, thread, alluding to the obcordate anthers and slender filaments
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 45. Mentioned on page 5.

Herbs, perennial. Taproots often stout. Stems prostrate, much-branched proximally, terete to angular. Leaves opposite, not connate, connected by thickened margins from which stipules arise, sessile; stipules 2 per node, silvery, lanceolate to ovate, margins entire to irregularly fimbriate, apex 2-lobed; blade prominently 1-veined, needlelike, not succulent, apex spinose. Inflorescences axillary, 1–3-flowered clusters; bracts paired, resembling stipules, smaller. Flowers sessile; hypanthium cupshaped, not abruptly expanded distally; sepals 5, distinct, olive-green, oblong to obovate, 1.2–2.8 mm (excluding awns), indurate, herbaceous, margins whitish, scarious, apex spinose, prominently hooded, awned, hoods projecting inward and enclosing developing fruit, awns arising from near apex, widely divergent, very stout, spinose, 3 awns and associated sepals well developed, alternating with 2 reduced sepals; nectaries not apparent; stamens 3–5; filaments distinct to base; staminodes 5, adnate basally with alternating filaments, ovate-triangular, apex acuminate; styles 2, distinct, subcapitate, 0.2 mm, glabrous proximally; stigmas 2, subterminal, obscurely papillate (50×). Utricles ellipsoid to cylindric, teeth absent, indehiscent. Seeds tan with red spot at hilum, narrowly ovate, not compressed, smooth, marginal wing absent, appendage absent; embryo peripheral, straight to slightly curved.

Distribution

Coastal w North America, South America (Chile), South America (Ecuador), South America (Peru)

Discussion

Species 6 (1 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

... more about "Cardionema"
awned +  and spinose +
Ronald L. Hartman +
de Candolle in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle +
alternating +  and divergent +
stipulate +  and petiolate +
not +  and connate +
spatulate +  and elliptic or suborbiculate +
smaller +
Sandcarpet +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Coastal w North America +, South America (Chile) +, South America (Ecuador) +  and South America (Peru) +
straight +  and slightly curved +
peripheral +
Greek kardio, heart, and nema, thread, alluding to the obcordate anthers and slender filaments +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
sometimes +  and indehiscent +
stalked +  and simple +
connected +  and not connate +
all +  and distalmost +
entire +  and irregularly fimbriate +
not apparent +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
fugacious +
4 +  and 5 +
in A. P. de Candolle and A. L. P. P. de Candolle, Prodr. +
not compressed +  and ovate +
olive-green +
persistent +
distinct +
2 +  and 5 +
oblong;obovate +
reduced +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
ovate-triangular +
much-branched +
prostrate;ascending or erect +
terete;angular +
subterminal +
[50 +  and 2 +
papillate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
distinct +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
Cardionema +
Caryophyllaceae subfam. Paronychioideae +
indehiscent +
divided +
ellipsoid +  and cylindric +
8 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
not rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +