Cardionema ramosissimum

(Weinmann) A. Nelson & J. F. Macbride

Bot. Gaz. 56: 473. 1913.

Illustrated
Basionym: Loeflingia ramosissima Weinmann Flora 3: 608. 1820 (as Loefflingia).
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 5. Treatment on page 46.

Stems often forming dense mats, 5–30+ cm, often obscured by stipules and dense pubescence. Leaves: stipules 1–8 mm, often nearly as long as leaves, lobes acuminate; blade 2-grooved, 5–13 mm, apex finely spinose, glabrous. Flowers densely woolly, hairs 0.5–1.5 mm; sepals 5, margins fimbriate, awn 1.5–4 mm; staminodes white, 0.3–0.5 mm. Utricles: apex apiculate. Seeds 1.4–1.6 mm.


Phenology: Flowering spring–early summer.
Habitat: Sandy beaches, grassy bluffs, sand dunes
Elevation: 0-200 m

Distribution

V5 91-distribution-map.gif

Calif., Oreg., Wash., Mexico, South America (Chile), South America (Ecuador), South America (Peru)

Discussion

The flowers are burlike in fruit with the utricle enclosed in the rigid, persistent calyx, the presumed unit of seed dispersal.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cardionema ramosissimum"
apiculate +  and spinose +
Ronald L. Hartman +
(Weinmann) A. Nelson & J. F. Macbride +
alternating +  and divergent +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
stipulate +  and petiolate +
not +  and connate +
Loeflingia ramosissima +
spatulate +  and elliptic or suborbiculate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
smaller +
dish--shaped +
expanded +
Calif. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +, Mexico +, South America (Chile) +, South America (Ecuador) +  and South America (Peru) +
0-200 m +
straight +  and slightly curved +
peripheral +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
sometimes +  and indehiscent +
stalked +  and simple +
Sandy beaches, grassy bluffs, sand dunes +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +
connected +  and not connate +
all +  and distalmost +
acuminate +
fimbriate +
not apparent +
swollen +
3 +  and 5 +
crassinucellate +  and bitegmic +
campylotropous +
fugacious +
4 +  and 5 +
Flowering spring–early summer. +
not compressed +  and ovate +
olive-green +
persistent +
distinct +
oblong;obovate +
reduced +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
Illustrated +
3 (?) +  and 5 (?) +
ovate-triangular +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (?) +
much-branched +
prostrate;ascending or erect +
terete;angular +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
subterminal +
[50 +  and 2 +
papillate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
Cardionema ramosissimum +
Cardionema +
species +
indehiscent +
divided +
ellipsoid +  and cylindric +
8 (?) +  and 10 (?) +
not rhizomatous +  and taprooted +
pubescence of simple hairs or stalked glands +  and glabrous +
9 +, 8 +  and 7 +