Carya ovata

(Miller) K. Koch

Dendrologie 1: 598. 1869.

Common names: Shagbark hickory shellbark hickory noyer tendre caryer ovale
Illustrated
Basionym: Juglans ovata Miller Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Juglans no. 6. 1768
Synonyms: Hicoria ovata (Miller) Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, to 46 m. Bark light gray, fissured or exfoliating, separating freely into long strips or broad plates that persist, ends often curling away from trunk. Twigs greenish, reddish, or orangish brown, retaining color or turning black on drying, stout or slender, hirsute or glabrous. Terminal buds tan to dark-brown to black, ovoid, 6-18 mm, tomentose or nearly glabrous; bud-scales imbricate; axillary buds protected by bracteoles fused into hood. Leaves 3-6 dm; petiole 4-13 cm, petiole and rachis hirsute or mainly glabrous. Leaflets (3-) 5 (-7), lateral petiolules 0-1 mm, terminal petiolules 3-17 mm; blades ovate, obovate, or elliptic, not falcate, 4-26 × 1-14 cm, margins finely to coarsely serrate, with tufts of hairs in axils of proximal veins of serrations, often weathering to only a few in fall, apex acute to acuminate; surfaces abaxially hirsute with unicellular and 2-4-rayed fasciculate hairs, occasionally restricted to midrib and major veins or essentially without hairs, with few-to-many large peltate scales and small round, irregular, and 4-lobed peltate scales. Staminate catkins pedunculate, to 13 cm, stalks and bracts without hairs; anthers hirsute. Fruits brown to reddish-brown, spheric to depressed-spheric, not compressed, 2.5-4 × 2.5-4 cm; husks rough, 4-15 mm thick, dehiscing to base, sutures smooth; nuts tan, ovoid, obovoid, or ellipsoid, compressed, 4-angled, rugulose; shells thick. Seeds sweet.

Distribution

Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., D.C., Del., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., La., Maine, Mass., Md., Mich., Minn., Miss., Mo., N.C., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Nebr., Ohio, Okla., Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., Vt., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Carya ovata hybridizes with C. cordiformis (C. ×laneyi Sargent), C. illinoinensis, and C. laciniosa (C. ×dunbarii Sargent). The Mexican shagbark appears to be a good variety.

The Mexican hickory (Carya ovata var. mexicana (Hemsley) W. E. Manning) appears to be synonymous with C. ovata.

Native Americans used Carya ovata medicinally as an antirheumatic, a gynecological aid, a tonic, and an anthelmintic (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Varieties 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Carya ovata"
Donald E. Stone +
(Miller) K. Koch +
light gray +
exfoliating +  and fissured +
Juglans ovata +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (26 cm260 mm <br />0.26 m <br />) +
not falcate;elliptic;obovate;elliptic;obovate;ovate +
1cm;14cm +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
4-lobed +  and 2-6-lobed +
pedunculate +  and staminate +
elongate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
Shagbark hickory +, shellbark hickory +, noyer tendre +  and caryer ovale +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, D.C. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Maine +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
curling +
brown;reddish-brown +
2.5cm;4cm +
not compressed +, spheric +  and depressed-spheric +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
not compressed +  and compressed +
unicellular +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and dehiscent +
hard +  and fibrous-fleshy +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
3-lobed +  and shield--shaped +
odd-pinnate +
aromatic +
rugulose +
4-angled +, compressed +, ellipsoid +, obovoid +  and ovoid +
large +
2-carpellate +
glabrous;hirsute +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (13 cm130 mm <br />0.13 m <br />) +
homogeneous +
Dendrologie +
glabrous +  and hirsute +
few-to-many +
4-lobed +
Illustrated +
winged +  and smooth +
Hicoria ovata +
Carya ovata +
species +
glabrous +  and tomentose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br />) +
black +, orangish brown +, reddish +  and greenish +
glabrous +  and hirsute +
slender +  and stout +