Carya ovata var. australis

(Ashe) Little

Phytologia 19: 188. 1969.

Common names: Carolina hickory
Endemic
Basionym: Carya australis Ashe Bull. Charleston Mus. 14: 12. 1918
Synonyms: Carya carolinae-septentrionalis (Ashe) Engler & Graebner
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, to 39 m. Twigs reddish-brown, often turning black by fall or upon drying, slender, glabrous. Terminal buds reddish-brown to black, ovoid, 6-15 mm, mainly glabrous. Leaves 2-3 dm; petiole 4-12 cm, mainly glabrous. Leaflets 4-19 × 1-6.5 cm, terminal petiolules 3-12 mm; blades abaxially with a few hairs, and with small 2-lobed and 4-lobed peltate scales. Staminate catkins to 6 cm. Fruits 2.5-3 × 2.5-3 cm; husks 5-8 mm thick.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Wet bottomlands, rocky hillsides, and limestone outcrops
Elevation: 150-200 m

Distribution

V3 772-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ga., Miss., N.C., S.C., Tenn.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

Donald E. Stone +
(Ashe) Little +
light gray +
exfoliating +  and fissured +
Carya australis +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (26 cm260 mm <br />0.26 m <br />) +
not falcate;elliptic;obovate;elliptic;obovate;ovate +
1cm;14cm +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
4-lobed +  and 2-6-lobed +
elongate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
Carolina hickory +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
Ala. +, Ga. +, Miss. +, N.C. +, S.C. +  and Tenn. +
150-200 m +
curling +
brown;reddish-brown +
2.5cm;3cm +
not compressed +, spheric +  and depressed-spheric +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
not compressed +  and compressed +
Wet bottomlands, rocky hillsides, and limestone outcrops +
unicellular +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and dehiscent +
hard +  and fibrous-fleshy +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
3-lobed +  and shield--shaped +
odd-pinnate +
aromatic +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (19 cm190 mm <br />0.19 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
rugulose +
4-angled +, compressed +, ellipsoid +, obovoid +  and ovoid +
large +
2-carpellate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
Flowering spring. +
homogeneous +
glabrous +  and hirsute +
few-to-many +
4-lobed +  and 2-lobed +
winged +  and smooth +
Carya carolinae-septentrionalis +
Carya ovata var. australis +
Carya ovata +
variety +
reddish-brown;black +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
reddish-brown +
slender +