Castilleja martini

Abrams

Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. 1: 69. 1902.

Common names: Camp Martin paintbrush
Synonyms: Castilleja applegatei subsp. martini (Abrams) T. I. Chuang & Heckard
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 625. Mentioned on page 573, 588, 603, 611, 664.

Herbs, perennial, 1.5–5 (–8) dm; from a woody caudex; with a taproot. Stems several to many, erect or ascending, sometimes curved at base, unbranched or branched, sometimes with short, leafy axillary shoots, hairs spreading, short or long and distally short, stiff or soft, stipitate-glandular. Leaves green to sometimes purple, narrowly oblong or lanceolate to sometimes linear or narrowly ovate, (0.8–) 1–5 (–6.5) cm, not fleshy, margins wavy, flat or involute, 0–5-lobed, apex rounded or obtuse, rarely acute; lobes ascending-spreading or divaricate, linear to narrowly oblong, apex acute. Inflorescences 2.5–25 × 1.5–4 cm; bracts proximally greenish, distally red, orange-red, or pale orange, rarely yellow, lanceolate or broadly lanceolate to oblong, (0–) 3–5 (–7) -lobed, plus 1–3 shallow teeth on apex of central lobe (var. clokeyi); lobes ascending or spreading, linear, lanceolate, or oblanceolate, medium length or long, arising at or near mid length, central lobe apex obtuse to rounded, lateral ones acute. Calyces proximally pale green, green, or whitish, sometimes with a yellow central band, distally colored as bracts, 14–26 (–28) mm; abaxial and adaxial clefts 3–10 mm, 20–50% of calyx length, deeper than laterals, lateral 1–5 mm, 15–20% of calyx length; lobes lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, oblong, or ovate, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded. Corollas straight to slightly curved, (19–) 22–45 mm; tube 11–22 mm; abaxial lip rarely exserted, beak exserted; beak adaxially green to yellowish, 9–21 (–23) mm; abaxial lip green or deep green with white teeth or red with green teeth, reduced, not inflated, often visible through front cleft, 1–2 mm, ca. 10% as long as beak; teeth incurved, green to white, 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 24, 48, 72.

Discussion

Castilleja martini is sometimes treated as a subspecies of C. applegatei, but there are relatively consistent morphological discontinuities between these two variable complexes. See notes under 4. C. applegatei.

Varieties 2 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Calyx lobes broadly lanceolate to ovate or oblong, apices acute, obtuse, or rounded, abaxial and adaxial clefts 20–44% of calyx lengths; w California. Castilleja martini var. martini
1 Calyx lobes lanceolate to broadly lanceolate, apices acute to sometimes obtuse, abaxial and adaxial clefts 40–50% of calyx lengths; sw Nevada, adjacent e California. Castilleja martini var. clokeyi

"medium" is not a number.

... more about "Castilleja martini"
72 +, 48 +  and 24 +
green +  and deep +
not inflated +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
green to sometimes +
Rounded (?) +, Obtuse (?) +, Acute (?) +, 0-5-lobed (?) +, Involute (?) +, Flat (?) +, Wavy (?) +, Ovate (?) +, Linear (?) +, Lanceolate (?) +  and Oblong (?) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
J. Mark Egger +, Peter F. Zika +, Barbara L. Wilson +, Richard E. Brainerd +  and Nick Otting +
Abrams +
2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (2.1 cm21 mm <br />0.021 m <br />) +
not +, leathery +  and fleshy +
yellow;pale orange;orange-red;pale orange;orange-red;red;greenish +
(0-)3-5(-7)-lobed +, broadly lanceolate +  and oblong +
2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br /> (2.8 cm28 mm <br />0.028 m <br />) +
lateral +  and deeper +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
colored +, whitish +, green +  and pale green +
2-lobed +, lobed +  and tubular +
1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
taprooted;fibrous-rooted or rhizomatous +
fleshy +  and woody +
Camp Martin paintbrush +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
purple +, pink +, red +, orange +, yellow +, white +, green +  and pale greenish +
straight +  and slightly curved +
2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
Calif. +, Nev. +  and nw Mexico +
spreading-hairy +  and glabrous +
2 +  and 1 +
indehiscent +, septicidal +, loculicidal +  and dehiscence +
much-branched +, unbranched +  and eglandular +
stipitate-glandular +
axillary +  and terminal +
spiral +, whorled +, alternate +  and opposite +
deciduous +
basal +  and cauline +
arising +, spreading +, ascending +  and ascending-spreading +
3 +, 2 +  and 4 +
lanceolate +  and broadly lanceolate oblong or ovate +
subequal +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6.5 cm65 mm <br />0.065 m <br />) +
green to sometimes +
obtuse +, rounded +, 0-5-lobed +, involute +, flat +, wavy +, ovate +, linear +, lanceolate +  and oblong +
obtuse;rounded +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
campylotropous-like +
Bull. S. Calif. Acad. Sci. +
20 +  and 100 +
trapezoidal +, oblong-ovoid +, pyramidal +  and ovoid +
non-secund +  and secund +
elongate +
subequal +
branched +  and unbranched +
sprawling +  and prostrate +
aerial +  and subterranean +
ascending +  and erect +
several;many +
not fleshy +
2-lobed +  and entire +
Castilleja applegatei subsp. martini +
Castilleja martini +
Castilleja +
species +
green +  and white +
shallow +
reduced +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +