Caulophyllum thalictroides

(Linnaeus) Michaux

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 204. 1803.

Common names: Blue cohosh squaw-root papoose-root caulophylle faux-pigamon
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Leontice thalictroides Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 312. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Stems 2-9 dm. Leaves: 1st leaf (3-) 4-ternate; 2d leaf (2-) 3-ternate; leaflets 3-8 × 2-10 cm. Inflorescences with 5-70 flowers. Flowers: bracteoles 1-3 mm; sepals yellow, purple, green, 3-6 2-3 mm, apically revolute; petals 1-2.5 mm; stamen filaments 0.5-1.5 mm; pistil 1-3 mm; style 0.25-1 mm. 2n = 16.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Mesophytic forests
Elevation: 0-1200 m

Distribution

V3 363-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Ont., Que., Ala., Ark., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Kans., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mo., Nebr., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., N.Dak., Ohio, Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Native Americans used various preparations of the root of Caulophyllum thalictroides medicinally to treat rheumatism, toothaches, profuse menstruation, indigestion and stomach cramps, fits and hysterics, genito-urinary disfunction, gallstones, and fever, as an aid in childbirth, and as a general tonic (D. E. Moermann 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"-2-3mm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property."dm" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

Henry Loconte +
(Linnaeus) Michaux +
Leontice thalictroides +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Blue cohosh +, squaw-root +, papoose-root +  and caulophylle faux-pigamon +
Man. +, N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Ark. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, N.Dak. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0-1200 m +
small +  and large +
showy +  and inconspicuous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (?) +  and 2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
not developed +
Mesophytic forests +
axillary +  and terminal +
(2-)3-ternate +  and (3-)4-ternate +
opposite +  and alternate +
larger +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
pinnate +  and palmate +
not toothed +
1-carpellate +
basal +  and superior +
bladderlike +
3-merous +  and 2-merous +
distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring. +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Fl. Bor.-Amer. +
pulvinate +
green +  and yellow +
distinct +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
elongating +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
palmate +  and pinnate +
persistent +
eccentric +
0.025 cm0.25 mm <br />2.5e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Caulophyllum thalictroides +
Caulophyllum +
species +
deciduous +  and perennial +