Celtis laevigata

Willdenow

Enum. Pl. suppl: 67. 1814.

Common names: Sugarberry palo blanco
Illustrated
Synonyms: Celtis laevigata var. anomala Sargent Celtis laevigata var. brachyphylla Sargent Celtis laevigata var. smallii (Beadle) Sargent Celtis laevigata var. texana Sargent Celtis mississippiensis Celtis smallii
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 3.

Trees, to 30 m; trunks to 1 m diam., crowns broad, spreading. Bark light gray, smooth or covered with corky warts. Branches without thorns, often pendulous, young branches pubescent at first, then glabrous. Leaves: petiole 6-10 mm. Leaf-blade typically elliptic-lanceolate to ovatelanceolate, (4-) 6-8 (-15) × (2-) 3-4 cm, thin and membranaceous to leathery, base broadly cuneate to rounded, margins entire or rarely with a few long teeth, apex sharply acute to acuminate; surfaces glabrous or nearly so, margins ciliate. Inflorescences: flowers solitary or few-flowered clusters at base of leaves. Drupes orange to brown or red when ripe, nearly orbicular, 5-8 mm diam., beakless; pedicel 6-15 mm. Stones 4.5-7 × 5-6 mm. 2n = 20, 30, and 40.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–early fall (May–Oct).
Habitat: In rich bottomlands along streams, in flood plains, and on rocky slopes
Elevation: 0-300 m

Distribution

V3 603-distribution-map.gif

Ala., Ark., Fla., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Miss., Mo., N.C., Okla., S.C., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va., n Mexico

Discussion

The Houma used preparations from the bark of Celtis laevigata to treat sore throats and venereal disease (D. E. Moerman 1986).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

No values specified.

... more about "Celtis laevigata"
40 +, 30 +  and 20 +
longitudinal +
Susan L. Sherman-Broyles +, William T. Barker +  and Leila M. Schulz +
Willdenow +
covered with corky warts +  and smooth +
light gray +
fissured +
broadly cuneate;rounded +
glabrous +  and pubescent +
4(-5)-lobed +
thick-walled +
Sugarberry +  and palo blanco +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, Okla. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and n Mexico +
orange;brown or red +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
orbicular +
0-300 m +
curved +  and straight +
absent;scanty +
sigmoid +  and curved +
nonfunctional +
distinct +  and free +
pistillate +, staminate +  and pedicellate +
cluster +, few-flowered +  and solitary +
bisexual +  and unisexual +
globose +  and ovoid +
In rich bottomlands along streams, in flood plains, and on rocky slopes +
cluster +, few-flowered +, solitary +  and pistillate +
pinnate +  and palmate-pinnate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
membranaceous +  and leathery +
distichous +  and alternate +
2-cleft +  and entire +
elongate +
rarely +  and entire +
toothed +, crenate +  and serrate +
amphitropous +, anatropous +  and pendulous +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–early fall (May–Oct). +
2(-3)-carpellate +
Enum. Pl. suppl: +
valvate +  and imbricate +
persistent +
Illustrated +
persisting +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
distinct +
divided +
nearly +  and glabrous +
Celtis laevigata var. anomala +, Celtis laevigata var. brachyphylla +, Celtis laevigata var. smallii +, Celtis laevigata var. texana +, Celtis mississippiensis +  and Celtis smallii +
Celtis laevigata +
species +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
slender +
0m +  and 1m +