Chimaphila menziesii

(R. Brown) Sprengel

Syst. Veg. 2: 317. 1825 ,.

Common names: Little prince’s-plume Menzies’ wintergreen
Endemic
Basionyms: Pyrola menziesii R. Brown Mem. Wern. Nat. Hist. Soc. 5: 245. 1824
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 386.

Plants rhizomatous, 0.5–2 dm. Leaves: petiole 5–8 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous or papillose; blade not maculate or, sometimes, maculate, dull and light green abaxially, glossy and green adaxially, lanceolate or elliptic-lanceolate to ovate or lanceolate-oblong, (6–) 10–55 × 4.5–25 mm, base obtuse or acute or decurrent, margins entire or serrulate to serrate, apex acute. Inflorescences 1–3-flowered; peduncle 1 per stem, 2–5 cm, papillose to hispidulous; inflorescence bracts broadly ovate to broadly obovate, free portions shorter than to nearly as long as pedicels from which they arise, 2–7 × 2–7.5 mm, membranous, margins erose-denticulate. Pedicels 6–12 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes spreading or reflexed in fruit, green with margins hyaline or whitish green, ovate to suborbiculate, (3–) 5–6.5 × 2.2–4.5 mm, margins erose-denticulate, apex rounded to obtuse; petals white, often suffused with pink, orbiculate, 5–7 × 4.5–8 mm, margins entire or erose-denticulate; stamens 4.2–7 mm; filament base 0.8–1.3 mm wide, dilated basal portion ciliate to villous; anthers 2.2–3.1 mm, thecae yellowish or tan to pinkish, tubules tan or pinkish, 0.7–1.1 mm, abruptly narrowed from thecae, lateral walls not touching, pores 0.1–0.2 × 0.1–0.2 mm; ovary papillose in lines; style 0.3–0.6 mm; stigma 1.6–2.2 (–2.8) mm wide. Capsules depressed-globose, 4–5 × 5–6 mm. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering (May-)Jun–Aug.
Habitat: Montane and subalpine, coniferous forests
Elevation: 10-2400 m

Distribution

V8 729-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Calif., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number.

... more about "Chimaphila menziesii"
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.31 cm3.1 mm <br />0.0031 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Craig C. Freeman +
(R. Brown) Sprengel +
decurrent;acute;obtuse +
Pyrola menziesii +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
green +, light green +, maculate +, , +  and not maculate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
glossy +  and dull +
elliptic-lanceolate;ovate or lanceolate-oblong +
coriaceous +
4.5mm;25mm +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.65 cm6.5 mm <br />0.0065 m <br />) +
reflexed +  and spreading +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
depressed-globose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
Little prince’s-plume +  and Menzies’ wintergreen +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +  and Wash. +
10-2400 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.13 cm1.3 mm <br />0.0013 m <br />) +
spreading +, nodding +  and erect +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
Montane and subalpine, coniferous forests +
multicellular +
broadly ovate +  and broadly obovate +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
serrate +, serrulate +  and entire +
whitish green +  and hyaline +
erose-denticulate;entire;erose-denticulate;erose-denticulate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
papillose +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
membranous +
2mm;7.5mm +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
papillose +
channeled +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering (May-)Jun–Aug. +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
distinct +
fusiform +
papillose +
peltate +  and capitate +
5-ridged +  and entire +
1.6mm;2.2mm +
straight +
expanded +
0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
papillose +
Undefined subfam. Pyroloideae +, Undefined tribe Monotropaceae +  and Undefined tribe Pyrolaceae +
Chimaphila menziesii +
Chimaphila +
species +
tan;pinkish +
narrowed +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +