Chimaphila umbellata subsp. umbellata

Synonyms: Chimaphila acuta Rydberg Chimaphila occidentalis Rydberg Chimaphila umbellata subsp. acuta (S. F. Blake) Hultén Chimaphila umbellata var. acuta (Rydberg) S. F. Blake Chimaphila umbellata subsp. cisatlantica (Rydberg) Hultén Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica S. F. Blake Chimaphila umbellata subsp. occidentalis Chimaphila umbellata var. occidentalis (Rydberg) S. F. Blake
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 387.

Plants rhizomatous, 1–4.5 dm. Leaves: petiole 5–12 mm, channeled adaxially, glabrous; blade not maculate, dull and brownish green or copper-green abaxially, shiny and dark green adaxially, narrowly oblanceolate or oblanceolate, ovate, elliptic, or spatulate, (27–) 38–80 × 8–27 mm, base cuneate to decurrent, margins coarsely serrate to crenate-serrate, apex acute to obtuse. Inflorescences 3–7-flowered; peduncle 1 (–2) per stem, 4–10 cm, papillose to hispidulous, sometimes glabrous proximally; inflorescence bracts acicular to linear-lanceolate, free portions shorter than pedicels from which they arise, 2–6 × 0.4–0.6 mm, proximal ones sometimes subcoriaceous, otherwise membranous, margins entire or denticulate distally. Pedicels 17–35 mm. Flowers: calyx lobes spreading or reflexed in fruit, green, yellowish green, or reddish green to purplish with margins hyaline or white, broadly ovate, 1–2.8 × (1.4–) 1.8–2.8 mm, margins erose-denticulate, apex rounded to acute; petals white suffused with pink, pink, or rose, broadly ovate to obovate, 4–12 × 4–8 mm, margins erose-denticulate; stamens 5–7 mm; filament base 0.9–1.5 mm wide, dilated basal portion ciliate; anthers 2–3 mm, thecae pink to brownish pink, tubules pink to white, (0.4–) 0.8–1.1 mm, abruptly narrowed from thecae, lateral walls not touching, pores 0.1–0.3 × 0.15–0.3 mm; ovary papillose in lines; style 0.1–0.8 mm; stigma 2.4–4 mm wide. Capsules depressed-globose, 4–6 × 6–10 mm. 2n = 26.


Phenology: Flowering Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Dry, coniferous forests
Elevation: (50-) 300-2900 m

Distribution

V8 731-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.W.T., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., D.C., Idaho, Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., Mont., Nev., N.H., N.J., N.Mex., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., R.I., S.Dak., Utah, Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., Wyo., Mexico, West Indies (Hispaniola), Central America (Guatemala), Eurasia

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broad" is not a number.

0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Rounded (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Craig C. Freeman +
(Linnaeus) W. P. C. Barton +
cuneate;decurrent +
Pyrola umbellata +
2.7 cm27 mm <br />0.027 m <br /> (3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br />) +
dark green +, copper-green +, brownish green +  and not maculate +
3.8 cm38 mm <br />0.038 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
shiny +  and dull +
spatulate;elliptic;ovate;oblanceolate;oblanceolate;spatulate;elliptic;ovate;oblanceolate;oblanceolate;spatulate;elliptic;ovate;oblanceolate;oblanceolate;spatulate;elliptic;ovate;oblanceolate;oblanceolate +
coriaceous +
8mm;27mm +
0.14 cm1.4 mm <br />0.0014 m <br /> (0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
reflexed +  and spreading +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
depressed-globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
pseudoverticillate +, in basal rosettes +  and alternate +
persistent +  and deciduous +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.W.T. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Idaho +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, Mont. +, Nev. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Mex. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, Wyo. +, Mexico +, West Indies (Hispaniola) +, Central America (Guatemala) +  and Eurasia +
(50-) 300-2900 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
0.09 cm0.9 mm <br />9.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
spreading +, nodding +  and erect +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
loculicidal +
Dry, coniferous forests +
multicellular +
acicular +  and linear-lanceolate +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
scale-like +
reduced +
white +  and hyaline +
erose-denticulate;erose-denticulate;denticulate;entire +
serrate to crenate-serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
intruded-parietal +
papillose +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
1.7 cm17 mm <br />0.017 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and hispidulous +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
distinct +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
channeled +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
Flowering Jul–Aug. +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.015 cm0.15 mm <br />1.5e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.06 cm0.6 mm <br />6.0e-4 m <br />) +
membranous +  and subcoriaceous +
Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. +
distinct +
fusiform +
papillose +
peltate +  and capitate +
5-ridged +  and entire +
2.4mm;4mm +
straight +
expanded +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
papillose +
Chimaphila acuta +, Chimaphila occidentalis +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. acuta +, Chimaphila umbellata var. acuta +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. cisatlantica +, Chimaphila umbellata var. cisatlantica +, Chimaphila umbellata subsp. occidentalis +  and Chimaphila umbellata var. occidentalis +
Chimaphila umbellata subsp. umbellata +
Chimaphila umbellata +
subspecies +
pink;brownish pink +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br />) +
narrowed +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.11 cm1.1 mm <br />0.0011 m <br />) +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +