Consolea

Lemaire

Rev. Hort. 1862: 174. 1862.

Etymology: For Michelangelo Console, 1812–1897, of Palermo Botanic Garden, Italy
Synonyms: Opuntia (sect. Undefined) ser. Spinosissimae Britton & Rose
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 149. Mentioned on page 95.

Trees, branched, 1–2 [–10] m; trunk erect, indeterminate, unsegmented, terete to elliptic in cross-section. Stem segments spreading, often falcate, usually elongate, smooth or distinctly reticulate, sometimes low tuberculate; areoles elliptic or triangular to subcircular, 5–15 mm diam.; wool yellow or tawny to cream. Spines absent or 2–25 (–40) per areole, white to brownish yellow, aging gray to black, acicular, the longest (0.5–) 4–10 (–12) cm, with epidermis intact, not sheathed. Glochids in tuft at adaxial margin of areole, yellow to brownish. Flowers bisexual (at least appearing so) or functionally unisexual (staminate with closed stigmas or pistillate with no pollen), 2.5–4.5 cm diam.; inner tepals spreading, red [or yellow, orange], rather fleshy; stamens and style not exerted or slightly so; filaments yellow to orange or pinkish, aging pink to red, outer filaments sometimes fused into staminal ring; style and stigma lobes pinkish; ovary usually flattened and upturned (bilaterally symmetric), tuberculate or not; nectar chamber covered by near-basal lateral projection of styles. Pollen 12-porate, finely reticulate, foveolate. Fruits commonly proliferating, green, yellow, or reddish, ovoid or ellipsoid to obovoid, falcate, sometimes flattened proximally, elliptic in cross-section, 40–65 × 30–45 mm, fleshy, spiny [or spineless]. Seeds yellowish white, 3–4 (–9) mm diam., sides woolly; girdle yellowish, sharply protruding. x = 11.

Distribution

United States, West Indies

Discussion

Species 9 (1 in the flora).

Plants of Consolea are insect-pollinated.

... more about "Consolea"
cushionlike +
nearly +  and circular +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
triangular +  and subcircular +
Donald J. Pinkava +
Lemaire +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
United States +  and West Indies +
For Michelangelo Console, 1812–1897, of Palermo Botanic Garden, Italy +
pink +  and red +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
reddish;yellow;reddish;yellow;green +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
40mm;65mm +
proliferating +
flattened +, falcate +, ellipsoid +  and obovoid +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
deciduous +
flattened +  and conic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
succulent +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
sometimes covered by outgrowths of proximal portion of style base or of flower tube wall +  and open +
not +  and tuberculate +
flattened +
persistent +  and deciduous +
foveolate +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
negron-ortiz1998a +
3;2;2;30 +
tuberlike +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
flattened;subspheric +
not sheathed +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
gray +  and black +
deciduous +  and persistent +
conspicuous +
2 (?) +  and 25 (?) +
acicular +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
winged +  and unsegmented +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
segmented +
woody +  and succulent +
Opuntia (sect. Undefined) ser. Spinosissimae +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Consolea +
Cactaceae subfam. Opuntioideae +
dull +  and glossy +
indeterminate +
terete +  and elliptic +
terrestrial;epiphytic or epipetric +
trailing +  and erect +
tawny +  and cream +