Consolea corallicola

Small

Addisonia 15: 25, plate 493. 1930.

Common names: Florida semaphore cactus
IllustratedEndemicConservation concern
Synonyms: Opuntia corallic ola (Small) Werdermann
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 150.

Trees to 2 m; trunk ± elliptic in cross-section, heavily armed. Stem segments from top of trunk, tending to grow in 1 plane, not equilateral, falcate, 12–30 cm, not reticulate, copiously armed; areoles 1–3+ cm apart, obdeltate, 3 × 1.5 mm; wool tan, encircled by gray. Spines 5–9 per areole, salmon colored, aging light gray, needle-shaped, to 12+ cm; spines of branches smaller and more flexible than those on trunk, mostly in marginal and submarginal areoles. Glochids usually not visible or, sometimes, small short yellowish tuft, particularly on areoles of fruits. Flowers appearing bisexual, emitting faint rotting-meat odor; outer tepals conic, fleshy; inner tepals bright red, obovate-apiculate, to 25 mm; stigma lobes light red, turning dark red upon pollination. Fruits sometimes proliferating when seedless, yellow, obovoid to clavate, usually slightly curving upward, 25–60 mm, fleshy; areoles prominent; spines spreading. Seeds irregular in outline, 7–9 mm diam.; girdle cristate. 2n = 66.


Phenology: Flowering year-round (peak Dec–Apr).
Habitat: Hammocks
Elevation: 0 m

Discussion

Of conservation concern.

The name Opuntia spinosissima of authors, not (Martyn) Miller, has been applied to Consolea corallicola.

Consolea corallicola is endemic to the Florida Keys and near extinction. It is already extirpated from several keys and is known from fewer than twenty plants in the wild. Hurricanes, deer, and cactoblastis moths impact the health of the population.

Consolea corallicola is in the Center for Plant Conservation’s National Collection of Endangered Plants.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Consolea corallicola"
cushionlike +
nearly +  and circular +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
obdeltate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
Donald J. Pinkava +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
Florida semaphore cactus +
pink +  and red +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
rotting-meat +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
40mm;65mm +
proliferating +
obovoid +  and clavate +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
cristate +
, +  and visible +
Hammocks +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
deciduous +
flattened +  and conic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
succulent +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
sometimes covered by outgrowths of proximal portion of style base or of flower tube wall +  and open +
not +  and tuberculate +
flattened +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Flowering year-round (peak Dec–Apr). +
foveolate +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
3;2;2;30 +
tuberlike +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
flattened;subspheric +
Illustrated +, Endemic +  and Conservation concern +
not sheathed +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
light gray +  and salmon colored +
deciduous +  and persistent +
conspicuous +
5 (?) +  and 9 (?) +
needle--shaped +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
winged +  and unsegmented +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
segmented +
woody +  and succulent +
Opuntia corallic +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Consolea corallicola +
Consolea +
species +
dull +  and glossy +
indeterminate +
terete +  and elliptic +
terrestrial;epiphytic or epipetric +
trailing +  and erect +