Corallorhiza striata

Lindley

Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., 534. 1840.

Common names: Striped coral-root corallorhize striée
Illustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 634. Mentioned on page 633, 635.

Stem ± strongly thickened, base not bulbous. Inflorescences: racemes lax to dense, 10–67 × 1.2–4.5 cm. Flowers 2–35, chasmogamous, conspicuous to showy; perianth open and spreading to connivent; sepals and petals salmon reddish purple with darker veins or pure yellow, lanceolate to oblanceolate, 3–5-veined; lip obovate, unlobed, 3.2–16.5 × 2–6.2 mm, thickened, margins deep red with white or yellow at base, or pure yellow, upturned, giving boatshaped appearance especially toward apex; callus formed by partial connation of 2 basal lamellae, less than 1/3 length of lip; column pure yellow or yellow spotted with red, curved toward lip, 3–6 mm, base without auricles or ridges; ovary 3–8.5 mm; mentum absent. Capsules ellipsoid, 11–30 × 5–10 mm.

Discussion

Varieties 3 (2 in the flora).

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Lip 7–16.5 mm; column 4–6.5 mm; sepals and petals open, spreading. Corallorhiza striata var. striata
1 Lip 2–7 mm; column 1.5–4 mm; sepals and petals connivent around column. Corallorhiza striata var. vreelandii
... more about "Corallorhiza striata"
self-pollination +
boat-shaped +
Lawrence K. Magrath +  and John V. Freudenstein +
Lindley +
not bulbous +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
tubular +
reduced +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
yellow spotted with red +  and yellow +
Striped coral-root +  and corallorhize striée +
North America +  and Mexico +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
not +  and resupinate +
conspicuous +  and showy +
ellipsoid;slightly obovoid +
lateral +  and terminal +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
0.32 cm3.2 mm <br />0.0032 m <br /> (1.65 cm16.5 mm <br />0.0165 m <br />) +
unlobed +  and obovate +
larger +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.62 cm6.2 mm <br />0.0062 m <br />) +
yellow +, white +  and red +
differing in form and color +
ellipsoid-obovoid +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl., +
10cm +  and 67cm +
1.2cm;4.5cm +
coralloid +
aerial +  and subterranean +
triangular +
cylindric-fusiform +
minute +
yellow +  and salmon reddish +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
brown +  and purple +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Cladorhiza +, Corallorhiza +  and Rhizocorallon +
Corallorhiza striata +
Corallorhiza +
species +
leafless +  and rootless +
herb +, colonial +  and solitary +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +