Corallorhiza striata var. vreelandii

(Rydberg) L. O. Williams

Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 21: 343. 1934.

Basionym: Corallorhiza vreelandii Rydberg Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 28: 271. 1901
Synonyms: Corallorhiza bigelovii S. Watson Corallorhiza ochroleuca Rydberg Corallorhiza striata var. flavida Todsen & T. A. Todsen
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 26. Treatment on page 634.

Racemes 10–44 cm. Flowers 2–28, conspicuous; sepals and petals often connivent around column, nodding; sepals 5–11 mm; lateral sepals often broadened at base, nearly auriculate; petals 5–11 mm; lip 2–7 × 1.5–4.5 mm; column 1.5–4 mm. Capsules 11–23 mm.


Phenology: Flowering spring–summer.
Habitat: Coniferous woods
Elevation: 400–2600 m

Distribution

V26 1300-distribution-map.jpg

Que., Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Nev., N.Mex., Oreg., S.Dak., Utah, Wash., Wyo., Mexico

Discussion

The two varieties of Corallorhiza striata intergrade in California and Oregon, although they are generally distinct. Small specimens from Quebec will key to this variety; they are not thought to be closely related to populations from the southwest.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
self-pollination +
boat-shaped +
Lawrence K. Magrath +  and John V. Freudenstein +
(Rydberg) L. O. Williams +
not bulbous +
Corallorhiza vreelandii +
indehiscent +
not +  and articulate +
conduplicate +  and plicate +
flattened +, triangular +  and cylindric +
tubular +
reduced +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
ellipsoid +
1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (?) +  and 2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (?) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
yellow spotted with red +  and yellow +
1.5mm +  and 4mm +
Que. +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Nev. +, N.Mex. +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Utah +, Wash. +, Wyo. +  and Mexico +
400–2600 m +
3-merous +, sessile +  and pedicellate +
not +  and resupinate +
conspicuous +
ellipsoid;slightly obovoid +
Coniferous woods +
lateral +  and terminal +
petiolate +, sessile +  and simple +
duplicate +, convolute +, whorled +, opposite +, distichous +  and alternate +
cauline +  and basal +
reduced +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
unlobed +  and obovate +
larger +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br />) +
yellow +, white +  and red +
differing in form and color +
ellipsoid-obovoid +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.85 cm8.5 mm <br />0.0085 m <br />) +
1-many-flowered +  and cymose +
pendent +  and erect +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +  and 1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br /> (?) +
Flowering spring–summer. +
Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. +
10cm +  and 67cm +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (44 cm440 mm <br />0.44 m <br />) +
1.2cm;4.5cm +
coralloid +
aerial +  and subterranean +
triangular +
cylindric-fusiform +
minute +
yellow +  and salmon reddish +
free +, distinct +, adnate +  and connate +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1.1 cm11 mm <br />0.011 m <br />) +
foliaceous +
not +  and alike +
Illustrated +
branched +, or +  and simple +
brown +  and purple +
proliferous +
thickened +  and stout +
concave +  and convex +
Corallorhiza bigelovii +, Corallorhiza ochroleuca +  and Corallorhiza striata var. flavida +
Corallorhiza striata var. vreelandii +
Corallorhiza striata +
variety +
leafless +  and rootless +
herb +, colonial +  and solitary +
aquatic +, lithophytic +, terrestrial +  and epiphytic +