Crataegus alabamensis

Beadle

Bot. Gaz. 30: 342. 1900.

Endemic
Synonyms: Crataegus adunca Beadle
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 626. Mentioned on page 621, 627, 628.

Shrubs or trees, 50–60 dm, branches ± weeping. Stems: twigs: new growth densely tomentose, 1-year old dark gray, older gray, ± stout; thorns on twigs usually sparse or absent, ± recurved, 1-year old dark blackish gray, slender, 2–3 cm. Leaves: petiole slender, length 20–30% blade, pubescent, glandular; blade broadly oblong to cuneate, 2–3 cm (at anthesis, larger mature), ± thick, firm, base evenly tapered, lobes 0, margins crenate-serrate, veins 3–5 per side, adaxially shiny mature, apex ± flattened to slightly cuspidate, abaxial surface pubescent only on veins, adaxial glabrate young. Inflorescences 3–6-flowered; branches tomentose; bracteoles linear, margins sessile-glandular, adaxially short-pubescent. Flowers 20–25 mm diam.; hypanthium tomentose; sepals narrowly triangular, margins glandular-serrate, abaxially appressed-white-pubescent in center of laminae, edges glabrate; anthers yellow; styles 3–5. Pomes red often very glaucous on drying, suborbicular to pyriform, 10–15 mm diam., glabrate; sepals spreading; pyrenes 3–5.


Phenology: Flowering Mar–Apr; fruiting Jul–Aug.
Habitat: Open woods
Elevation: 0–200 m

Discussion

Usually scarce, Crataegus alabamensis occurs in south-central Alabama and northern Florida near Tallahassee. The type location is recorded as being on clay soil near Montgomery, Alabama, a somewhat unusual habitat for this series.

Crataegus alabamensis, with its crenate-serrate leaves, resembles the larger forms of C. condigna (subser. Tenues); it is a more robust plant with much larger flowers and fruits. The type form has leaves particularly wide relative to length. The rare C. adunca has, unusually for this series, violet anthers.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Crataegus alabamensis"
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
James B. Phipps +
Beadle +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
tapered +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
broadly oblong +  and cuneate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
semipersistent +, caducous +  and deciduous +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
spreading +  and pendulous +
Ala. +  and Fla. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–200 m +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
gray +  and dark gray +
older +, old +  and new +
Open woods +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
eglandular +  and craspedodromous +
glandular-serrate +  and crenate-serrate +
appressed-white-pubescent +  and short-pubescent +
serrate +  and crenate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
firm +  and coriaceous +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
circular +  and elliptic +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
pubescent +
Flowering Mar–Apr +  and fruiting Jul–Aug. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
glabrate +  and glaucous +
suborbicular +  and pyriform +
not arillate +
circumscissile +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
woolly-tomentose +
Crataegus adunca +
Crataegus alabamensis +
Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Lacrimatae +
species +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
gray +  and dark blackish +
straight +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
craspedodromous +  and gland-tipped +
inconspicuous +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
determinate +
3 +  and 5 +
tree +  and shrub +