Crataegus ashei

Beadle

Bot. Gaz. 30: 339. 1900.

Common names: Ashe hawthorn
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 608. Mentioned on page 518, 540, 607, 610.

Shrubs, 30–50 dm. Stems: twigs: new growth densely pubescent, 1-year old tan to chestnut, ± shiny, older gray; thorns on twigs few to numerous, 2-years old shiny, very dark-brown to black, ± slender, 2–3 cm. Leaves: petiole length 25% blade, densely pubescent, stipitate-glandular; blade mid green, elliptic to narrowly obovate, 3–6 cm, base cuneate, lobes 0 or obscure, margins glandular-serrate, teeth to 1.5 mm, proximal teeth stipitate-glandular, veins 5–7 per side, apex acute to subacute, abaxial surface sparsely pubescent or glabrous, veins hairy, adaxial shiny, scabrous. Inflorescences 3–10-flowered, arising proleptically (subterminal on perennial short-shoots); branches densely villous; bracteoles caducous, linear, 4–8 mm, herbaceous to membranous, margins stipitate-glandular. Flowers (15–) 20–23 mm diam.; hypanthium tomentose; sepals narrowly triangular, 6–7 mm, margins glandular-pectinate, abaxially pilose; stamens 20 (–25), anthers cream, sometimes pink; styles 3 (–5) (with bristly hairs at bases). Pomes orange-red to deep red, 10–14 mm diam., densely short-pubescent; sepals patent-incurved; pyrenes 3 (–5). 2n = 68.


Phenology: Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Nov.
Habitat: Brush, open woodlands
Elevation: 0–300 m

Discussion

Crataegus ashei occurs from Louisiana to Alabama and is apparently scarce.

Crataegus ashei has often been confused with both C. triflora (ser. Triflorae) and C. harbisonii; it differs from C. triflora in its different growth habit with branching more or less layered and leaves smallish, flowers smaller, stamens 20–24, and leaves usually more coriaceous and shiny with lobes absent. Crataegus ashei is more similar to C. harbisonii, mainly differing in being smaller in its vegetative parts, invariably lacking reproductive side shoots of the season, and by having entire leaves.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Crataegus ashei"
glabrous +  and pubescent +
glabrescent +  and appressed-pubescent +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
pink +  and cream +
James B. Phipps +
Beadle +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
Bracteatae +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and narrowly obovate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
Ashe hawthorn +
Ala. +, La. +, Miss. +  and Tenn. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–300 m +
mealy +  and more or less hard +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
gray +, tan +  and chestnut +
older +  and new +
Brush, open woodlands +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
glandular-laciniate +  and glandular-pectinate +
pilose +  and stipitate-glandular +
glandular-pectinate +
smaller +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
subterminal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and circular +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
gland-dotted +
pubescent +
stipitate-glandular +
Flowering Apr +  and fruiting Sep–Nov. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
orange-red +  and deep red +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
short-pubescent +
suborbicular +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
stipitate-glandular +
stipitate-glandular +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
patent-incurved +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
glabrous +  and tomentose +
Crataegus ashei +
Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Bracteatae +
species +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
dark-brown +  and black +
straight +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
craspedodromous +  and gland-tipped +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
inconspicuous +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
straight +
determinate +
few +  and numerous +
5 +  and 7 +