Crataegus coccinea var. coccinea

Synonyms: Crataegus acclivis Sargent C. albicans Ashe C. delecta Sargent C. digna Sargent C. ellwangeriana Sargent C. lobulata Sargent C. pedicellata Sargent C. pedicellata var. albicans (Ashe) E. J. Palmer C. pedicellata var. ellwangeriana (Sargent) Eggelston C. pringlei var. lobulata (Sargent) Eggelston C. uticaensis
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 559. Mentioned on page 560, 561.

Leaf-blades ovate, 5–8 cm widest in proximal 1/3 (length/width = 1.4–1.5), elongate, plane, base broadly cuneate to truncate, rarely slightly cordate, lobe sinuses deep. Stamens (5–) 8–10. Pomes usually suborbicular. 2n = 51, 68.


Phenology: Flowering May; fruiting Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Brush, woodland margins, fencerows, overgrown pastures
Elevation: 10–1300 m

Distribution

V9 947-distribution-map.jpg

Ont., Conn., Ill., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., N.H., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis., in Europe

Discussion

Variety coccinea is found throughout the range of the species except for southern Quebec; it is the only variety found in the Appalachians south of Pennsylvania. An old report for Minnesota has not been confirmed. Crataegus albicans is a variant with particularly broad leaves and nearly glabrous inflorescences. Crataegus aulica Sargent perhaps belongs here. According to J. A. Macklin and J. B. Phipps (2002), much of the material named C. ellwangeriana Sargent [C. pedicellata var. ellwangeriana (Sargent) Eggleston] belongs to C. pennsylvanica Ashe.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"glabrate" is not a number.

appressed-pubescent +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
pink +  and rose-purple +
James B. Phipps +
Linnaeus +
orangebrown +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cordate +, broadly cuneate +  and truncate +
Crataegus sect. Coccineae +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
plane +, elongate +  and ovate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
bright green +
broadly elliptic +  and elliptic-ovate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
Ont. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, N.H. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +  and in Europe +
not +  and aggregated +
10–1300 m +
1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Brush, woodland margins, fencerows, overgrown pastures +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
short-stipitate-glandular +
serrate +  and crenate +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and circular +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
eglandular +  and glandular +
Flowering May +  and fruiting Sep–Oct. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
bright red +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
suborbicular +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
missing +  and spreading +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
shallow +  and more or less deep +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
glabrous +  and tomentose +
Crataegus acclivis +, C. albicans +, C. delecta +, C. digna +, C. ellwangeriana +, C. lobulata +, C. pedicellata +, C. pedicellata var. albicans +, C. pedicellata var. ellwangeriana +, C. pringlei var. lobulata +  and C. uticaensis +
Crataegus coccinea var. coccinea +
Crataegus coccinea +
variety +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
brown +  and dark blackish +
straight +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
craspedodromous +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
inconspicuous +
exfoliating +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
straight +
determinate +
few +  and numerous +
5 +  and 7 +
tree +  and shrub +