Crataegus communis

Beadle

Biltmore Bot. Stud. 1: 58. 1902.

Conservation concernEndemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 590. Mentioned on page 587, 589.

Shrubs, 15–20 dm. Stems: twigs: new growth reddish, glabrous, 1-year old dull reddish-brown, 2-years old dark gray, older paler gray; thorns on twigs: course not recorded, 2-years old dark, slender, short. Leaves: petiole 1 mm wide, length 30–50% blade, pubescence not recorded, glandular; blade broadly elliptic, 3–8 cm, thin to subcoriaceous, base cuneate, lobes 0, or 2 or 3 per side, obscure or reduced to apiculi, lobe apex subobtuse, margins strongly serrate, teeth gland-tipped, especially toward base, veins 4 or 5 per side, apex acute, surfaces hairy young, glabrescent. Inflorescences 3–8-flowered; branches glabrous; bracteole margins short-stipitate-glandular. Flowers 13–18 mm diam.; hypanthium glabrous; sepals 5–7 mm, margins glandular-serrate, abaxially glabrous; stamens 10, anthers rose; styles 2–4 (or 5). Pomes yellow-green to dull orange, orange-red, or red, suborbicular to short-oblong or obovoid, 9–12 mm diam., glabrous; sepals on collar, patent-reflexed; pyrenes 2–4 (or 5).


Phenology: Flowering Apr; fruiting Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Brush, successional fields, open woodlands
Elevation: 100–400 m

Discussion

Of conservation concern.

Crataegus communis is uncommon and often wrongly annotated as C. straminea. The species has broadly elliptic leaves with small, very obscure or lacking, subobtuse lobes.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Crataegus communis"
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
James B. Phipps +
Beadle +
orangebrown +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
Intricatae +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
rhombic +  and ovate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
short-stipitate-glandular +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
Ala. +, N.C. +  and Tenn. +
not +  and aggregated +
100–400 m +
less hard +  and mealy +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.8 cm18 mm <br />0.018 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
paler gray +, dark gray +, reddish-brown +  and reddish +
older +, old +  and new +
Brush, successional fields, open woodlands +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
reduced +
craspedodromous +
glandular-serrate +  and serrate +
glandular-serrate +  and glandular-pectinate +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
elliptic +  and circular +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
stipitate +  and sessile +
pubescence +
Flowering Apr +  and fruiting Sep–Oct. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
yellow-green +  and dull orange orange-red or red +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
suborbicular +  and short-oblong or obovoid +
Biltmore Bot. Stud. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
patent-reflexed +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
shallow +  and more or less deep +
Conservation concern +  and Endemic +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
glabrescent +  and hairy +
Crataegus sect. Flavae +  and Crataegus ser. +
Crataegus communis +
Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Intricatae +
species +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
slender +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
gland-tipped +
inconspicuous +
buff to gray-brown +  and corrugated +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
flexuous +  and straight +
determinate +
5 +  and 4 +