Crataegus senta

Beadle

Bot. Gaz. 30: 341. 1900.

Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 631. Mentioned on page 620, 632.

Shrubs or trees, 60 dm, branches ± weeping. Stems: twigs: new growth green, pubescent, 1-year old purplish brown under exfoliating wax, older deep dull gray; thorns on twigs absent or numerous, straight to slightly recurved, 1-year old often copper to deep red, 1.5–5 cm. Leaves: petiole length 30–40% blade, roughly pubescent, black-glandular; blade dull green, abaxially paler, oblong-spatulate to cuneate or narrowly obdeltate, 3 cm, thin, ± floppy, base cuneate, lobes 1 or 2 per side distally, well defined, lobe apex acute, margins strongly crenate-serrate almost to bases, densely glandular, glands black, veins (2 or) 3 or 4 (or 5) per side, apex usually cuspidate, sometimes acute, adaxial surface sparsely pubescent young, main veins and axils hairy; on extension shoots larger, relatively wider, more deeply incised. Inflorescences 3–7-flowered; branches densely short-canescent; bracteoles deciduous, linear, margins short-stipitate-glandular, adaxially short-pubescent. Flowers 15–20 mm diam.; hypanthium tomentose; sepals narrowly triangular, margins glandular-serrate, abaxially pubescent; anther color not recorded; styles 3–5. Pomes 1–3 per infructescence, deep red, suborbicular, 10 mm diam., punctate, glabrous; sepals patent to reflexed; pyrenes 3–5.


Phenology: Flowering Apr–early May; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Dry pine woods, open scrub, sand plains
Elevation: 100–800 m

Distribution

V9 1084-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Fla., Ga., La., N.C., S.C.

Discussion

Crataegus senta is widespread from western North Carolina and South Carolina (where it is most common) to northern Florida and Georgia, with a disjunct record from West Feliciana Parish, Louisiana. Habitats are typical for the series.

Crataegus senta most resembles C. dispar but is more often confused with C. lancei. Short-shoot leaves of C. senta are narrower and are not as lanate as in C. dispar. Smaller leaves of C. senta have fewer veins (1 or 2 per side); their shape is more like that of C. lancei, but the differences of lobes and leaf teeth are striking (see key and C. lancei discussion). In C. senta, extension-shoot leaves differ little from those of the short shoots, having multiple, relatively short, acute lobes across the subterminal part. By contrast, the extension-shoot leaves of C. lancei are of a long-petiolate, narrowly rhombic form with 1–3 acute to subacute lobes per side. The large, red, cherrylike fruit, similar to that of C. lancei, is very striking.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wider" is not a number.

... more about "Crataegus senta"
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
white +  and cream +
James B. Phipps +
Beadle +
thin-exfoliating +  and corrugated +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
cuneate +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (12 cm120 mm <br />0.12 m <br />) +
paler +  and green +
oblong-spatulate +  and cuneate or narrowly obdeltate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
short-canescent +
adnate +  and distinct +
crowded +, scattered +  and alternate +
spreading +  and pendulous +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, N.C. +  and S.C. +
not +  and aggregated +
100–800 m +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
yellow +  and red or purplish +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
gray +, purplish brown +  and green +
older +, old +  and new +
Dry pine woods, open scrub, sand plains +
constricted +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
deciduous +
incised +
eglandular +  and craspedodromous +
glandular-serrate +  and crenate-serrate +
pubescent +, short-pubescent +  and short-stipitate-glandular +
serrate +  and crenate +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
firm +  and coriaceous +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
circular +  and elliptic +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
post-mature +
pubescent +
Flowering Apr–early May +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
dark gray-brown +  and russet +
exfoliating +  and corrugated +
pruinose +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (?) +
suborbicular +
not arillate +
circumscissile +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
patent +  and reflexed +
triangular +
nonaccrescent +
1-50-flowered +  and few-leaved +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +
distinct +
exsert +  and lateral +
elongate +
woolly-tomentose +
Crataegus senta +
Crataegus (sect. Coccineae) ser. Lacrimatae +
species +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
copper +  and deep red +
straight +
slender +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
craspedodromous +  and gland-tipped +
inconspicuous +
less erect +  and oblique +
1 +  and several +
determinate +
4 +  and 3 +
exfoliating +
tree +  and shrub +