Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata

(Schott ex Engelmann) Backeberg

Cactaceae 1: 204. 1958.

Basionyms: Opuntia mamillata Schott ex Engelmann Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 3: 308. 1856
Synonyms: Opuntia fulgida var. mamillata (Schott ex Engelmann) J. M. Coulter
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 108.

Stem segments appearing spineless or nearly so from afar, exposing strongly mammillate tubercles beneath. Spines of stems not or little interlaced with spines of adjacent areoles, longest usually 1–2 cm; sheaths tightly fitting. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall (Apr–Aug, Oct).
Habitat: Sonoran desert scrub, sandy flats, rocky slopes, rolling hills
Elevation: 200-1100 m

Distribution

V4 202-distribution-map.gif

Ariz., Mexico (Baja California), Mexico (Sinaloa), Mexico (Sonora)

Discussion

A morphotype with crested stems from south-central Arizona is commonly cultivated as the boxing-glove cactus.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
spreading +  and erect +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
white +  and cream +
cushionlike +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
gray +  and tan +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
deciduous +  and persistent +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
18 +  and 35 +
obdeltate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
Donald J. Pinkava +
(Schott ex Engelmann) Backeberg +
3.2 cm32 mm <br />0.032 m <br /> (5.5 cm55 mm <br />0.055 m <br />) +
2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
Opuntia mamillata +
proliferating +
flattened +  and cylindric +
Ariz. +, Mexico (Baja California) +, Mexico (Sinaloa) +  and Mexico (Sonora) +
200-1100 m +
pale-pink +  and magenta +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
spineless +  and stipitate +
indehiscent +
persistent +, long +  and deciduous +
proliferating +
tuberculate +
obconic +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Sonoran desert scrub, sandy flats, rocky slopes, rolling hills +
emarginate +  and apiculate +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (1.6 cm16 mm <br />0.016 m <br />) +
brown +, pale pinkish +  and yellowish +
deciduous +
flattened +  and conic +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
succulent +
tuberculate +
fluted;spheric;depressed-spheric or club-shaped +
tinged color +
sometimes covered by outgrowths of proximal portion of style base or of flower tube wall +  and open +
persistent +  and deciduous +
Flowering spring–fall (Apr–Aug, Oct). +
ridgelike +  and nipple--shaped +
3;2;2;30 +
tuberlike +
0.04 cm0.4 mm <br />4.0e-4 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br /> (?) +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
fitting +
Illustrated +
deciduous +  and persistent +
conspicuous +
0 (?) +  and 12 (?) +
flattened +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
hard +  and rigid +
decurrent +
winged +  and unsegmented +
tuberculate +  and smooth +
nearly +  and spineless +
subwhorled +  and whorled +
16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br /> (23 cm230 mm <br />0.23 m <br />) +
blackish +  and gray-green +
6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br /> (16 cm160 mm <br />0.16 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
segmented +
woody +  and succulent +
whitish +  and pale-yellow +
Opuntia fulgida var. mamillata +
adventitious +
tuberlike +
epipetric +  and epiphytic +
Cylindropuntia fulgida var. mamillata +
Cylindropuntia fulgida +
variety +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3.3 cm33 mm <br />0.033 m <br />) +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (2.3 cm23 mm <br />0.023 m <br />) +
dull +  and glossy +
1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br /> (1.9 cm19 mm <br />0.019 m <br />) +
mammillate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
terrestrial;epiphytic or epipetric +
gray +  and black +