Cymbalaria muralis

P. Gaertner

B. Meyer & Scherbius, Oekon. Fl. Wetterau 2: 397. 1800.

Common names: Kenilworth ivy
WeedyIntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Antirrhinum cymbalaria Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 2: 612. 1753
Synonyms: Linaria cymbalaria (Linnaeus) Miller
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 20. Mentioned on page 19.

Distribution

Introduced; B.C., Man., N.B., Ont., Que., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Ky., Mass., Md., Mich., Mo., N.C., N.J., Nebr., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Va., Vt., W.Va., Wash., Wis., Europe, also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

Subspecies 3 (1 in the flora).

With its five- to nine-lobed leaves and glabrous stems and leaves, Cymbalaria muralis is distinctive within Cymbalaria. Three subspecies are recognized; only subsp. muralis occurs in North America (D. A. Sutton 1988); it is distributed widely throughout the world. Subspecies visianii (Kümmerle ex Jávorka) D. A. Webb and subsp. pubescens (J. Presl & C. Presl) D. A. Webb occur in Italy and the Balkan Peninsula. The pedicels of C. muralis elongate and recurve during fruit maturation, which results in significant amounts of short-range seed dispersal (T. Junghans and E. Fischer 2007).

Selected References

None.

... more about "Cymbalaria muralis"
Wayne J. Elisens +
P. Gaertner +
alternate +, opposite +, whorled +, helical +  and subopposite +
Antirrhinum cymbalaria +
reniform;orbiculate +
? (?) +  and ? (?) +
campanulate +
Kenilworth ivy +
personate +  and bilabiate +
lilac +  and violet +
B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Mass. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, N.C. +, N.J. +, Nebr. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Va. +, Vt. +, W.Va. +, Wash. +, Wis. +, Europe +, also in Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
drupe-like +
curved +  and straight +
1 +  and 4 +
persistent +  and deciduous +
linear;lanceolate +
axile +  and parietal +
basal +, apical +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +, unitegmic +  and hemitropous +
campylotropous +, hemianatropous +  and anatropous +
elongating +
5 +  and 4 +
B. Meyer & Scherbius, Oekon. Fl. Wetterau +
minute +
ovoid +  and oblong +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
climbing +  and scrambling +
sprawling +, creeping +  and prostrate +
prostrate;pendent +
Linaria cymbalaria +
Cymbalaria muralis +
Cymbalaria +
species +
not gibbous +