Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis

WeedyIntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 17. Treatment on page 20. Mentioned on page 19.

Perennials 10–60 cm. Leaves: petiole 10–22 mm; blade 5–40 × 6–60 mm, surfaces glabrous or with scattered hairs. Pedicels ascending, 10–35 mm in flower, recurved, to 90 mm in fruit. Flowers: sepals equal, lobes 1.5–3 × 0.5–1 mm, apex acute; corolla-tube 3–5 mm, glabrous, palate inflated, abaxial plicae yellow, lobes: abaxial spreading, adaxial erect, subequal, 2–3 mm, apex round; stamens included, filaments incurved, abaxial 2–4 mm, adaxial 3–5 mm, pollen-sacs oblong; ovary glabrous, locules subequal; style included, 3–4 mm, base persistent in fruit; stigma straight. Capsules globular, 3–5 mm. Seeds 0.5–1 mm, cristate-tuberculate. 2n = 14.


Phenology: Flowering May–Oct.
Habitat: Rock walls, rocky disturbed sites.
Elevation: 0–400 m.

Distribution

Introduced; B.C., Man., N.B., Ont., Que., Ark., Calif., Colo., Conn., Del., Ill., Ind., Ky., Md., Mass., Mich., Mo., Nebr., N.J., N.C., Ohio, Oreg., Pa., S.C., S.Dak., Tenn., Vt., Va., Wash., W.Va., Wis., s Europe, also in Mexico, Central America, South America, Asia, Africa, Atlantic Islands, Pacific Islands, Australia

Discussion

Subspecies muralis occurs to 2000 m elevation outside the flora area.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Round (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Wayne J. Elisens +
P. Gaertner +
alternate +, opposite +, whorled +, helical +  and subopposite +
persistent +
Antirrhinum cymbalaria +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
reniform;orbiculate +
not leathery +  and fleshy +
6mm;60mm +
campanulate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
personate +  and bilabiate +
lilac +  and violet +
B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ark. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Mo. +, Nebr. +, N.J. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Oreg. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, S.Dak. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +, Wis. +, s Europe +, also in Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Asia +, Africa +, Atlantic Islands +, Pacific Islands +  and Australia +
drupe-like +
0–400 m. +
curved +  and straight +
1 +  and 4 +
Rock walls, rocky disturbed sites. +
persistent +  and deciduous +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
linear;lanceolate +
0.5mm;1mm +
subequal +
axile +  and parietal +
basal +, apical +  and superior +
tenuinucellate +, unitegmic +  and hemitropous +
campylotropous +, hemianatropous +  and anatropous +
inflated +
elongating +
recurved +  and ascending +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
5 +  and 4 +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.2 cm22 mm <br />0.022 m <br />) +
Flowering May–Oct. +
B. Meyer & Scherbius, Oekon. Fl. Wetterau +
minute +
cristate-tuberculate +
ovoid +  and oblong +
Weedy +, Introduced +  and Illustrated +
climbing +  and scrambling +
sprawling +, creeping +  and prostrate +
prostrate;pendent +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
with scattered hairs +  and glabrous +
Linaria cymbalaria +
Cymbalaria muralis subsp. muralis +
Cymbalaria muralis +
subspecies +
not gibbous +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +