Cyphomeris

Standley

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 13: 428. 1911.

Etymology: Greek, kyphos, bent, humped, and meris, part, in reference to the gibbous fruit
Basionym: Lindenia M. Martens & Galeotti Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Bruxelles 10: 357. 1843, Senkenbergia S. Schauer 1847
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 4. Treatment on page 31. Mentioned on page 14, 17.

Herbs, perennial, glabrous or pubescent, from stout, ± woody taproots. Stems erect to reclining, often clambering through other vegetation, unarmed, with glutinous bands on internodes. Leaves subsessile to long petiolate, unequal in size in each pair; blade thin or thick and slightly fleshy, base ± asymmetric. Inflorescences terminal and axillary, pedunculate, racemose; bracts deciduous, 1 at base of each pedicel, distinct, lanceolate, thin, translucent. Flowers bisexual, chasmogamous and/or cleistogamous; perianth of cleistogamous flowers forming low dome atop basal portion; perianth of chasmogamous flowers slightly bilaterally symmetric, funnelform, strongly oblique, constricted beyond ovary, tube flared, limbs 5-lobed; stamens 5 (fewer in cleistogamous flowers), exserted; styles exserted beyond anthers; stigmas capitate. Fruits clavate, ± gibbous abaxially, often gently incurved adaxially, stiffly coriaceous; ribs 10, not well defined, with or without interrupted ridges or tubercules, glabrous.

Distribution

sw United States, Mexico

Discussion

Species 2 (2 in the flora).

In its racemose inflorescence and clavate fruits, Cyphomeris resembles some species of Boerhavia Linnaeus, where its retention has been suggested by F. R. Fosberg (1978).

Key

1 Leaf blades glabrous or glabrate, lanceolate to linear, margins entire; fruits 8-11(-14) mm, striate, sometimes weakly warty Cyphomeris gypsophiloides
1 Leaf blades pubescent, ovate, broadly oblong, or rhombic, margins usually sinuate; fruits 6-8 mm, usually prominently warty on gibbous side Cyphomeris crassifolia

"thin" is not a number.

... more about "Cyphomeris"
Matthew Mahrt +  and Richard W. Spellenberg +
Standley +
glutinous +
unequal +
woody +, leathery +  and fleshy +
Lindenia +  and Senkenbergia +
undulate;plane;linear;ovate or more or less round +
thick;thin +
deciduous +
distinct +
lanceolate +
corollalike +  and petaloid +
sw United States +  and Mexico +
curved +  and straight +
Greek, kyphos, bent, humped, and meris, part, in reference to the gibbous fruit +
inconspicuous +  and showy +
1 +  and 80 +
chasmogamous +, cleistogamous +  and bisexual +
gibbous +  and clavate +
coriaceous +
subsessile +  and long petiolate +
unequal +
5-lobed +
pubescent +  and glabrous +
sinuate +  and entire +
Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. +
mahrt1995a +
thick +  and thin +
fibrous;fleshy +
membranaceous +
ribbed +, 10-ribbed +  and 5-ribbed +
pubescent +, glabrous +  and warty +
wrinkled +
clambering +, erect +  and reclining +
fusiform +  and linear +
filiform +
Cyphomeris +
Nyctaginaceae +
gland-tipped +
pubescent +  and glabrous +