Cyrtomium falcatum

(Linnaeus f.) C. Presl

Tent. Pterid. 86. 1836.

IntroducedIllustrated
Basionym: Polypodium falcatum Linnaeus f. Suppl. Pl., 446. 1782
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 2.

Stem scales orangebrown, ovate with attenuate apices. Leaves 30–60 (–100) cm. Pinnae bright green and shiny adaxially, 4–10 (–12) pairs, ovate-attenuate, usually falcate, 4–8.5 cm, leathery, sometimes with short, basal, acroscopic lobe, margins often undulate or coarsely and irregularly dentate. Indusia brown, sometimes with blackish centers, not shriveled at maturity. n = 2n = 123, apogamous.


Habitat: Brick or stone walls, rocky areas, mesic forests, and coastal bluffs
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V2 82-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Miss., S.C., Europe, Asia

Discussion

Cyrtomium falcatum is native to east Asia and widely escaped from cultivation. All plants in the flora appear to be the 32-spored, apogamous triploid.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Cyrtomium falcatum"
George Yatskievych +
(Linnaeus f.) C. Presl +
not swollen +
Polypodium falcatum +
simple to commonly +
oblong-lanceolate +
roundish +
Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Miss. +, S.C. +, Europe +  and Asia +
0–100 m +
inflated +
often +  and glabrous +
Brick or stone walls, rocky areas, mesic forests, and coastal bluffs +
caducous +  and persistent +
not shriveled +
monomorphic +
60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br /> (100 cm1,000 mm <br />1 m <br />) +
evergreen +
30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br /> (60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br />) +
coarsely +  and undulate +
1/2 length of blade;3/4 length of blade +
not articulate +
bright green +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8.5 cm85 mm <br />0.085 m <br />) +
inequilateral +
Tent. Pterid. +
round +, cuplike +, hoodlike +, reniform +, falcate +  and linear +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
persistent +
filiform +
crenate to spinulose +
discrete +
variously--shaped +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
reniform +  and oblong +
dictyostelic +, unbranched +  and branched +
ascending +  and erect +
Cyrtomium falcatum +
Cyrtomium +
species +
anastomosing +
on rock +  and terrestrial +
epiphytic +  and hemiepiphytic +