Common names: Awnless wlldrye
Synonyms: Elymus virginicus var. submuticus Elymus virginicus var. jenkinsii Elymus submuticus
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 300.

Plants cespitose, not rhizomatous, often glaucous. Culms 60-110 cm, stiffly erect, or the base sometimes geniculate; nodes 6-9, concealed or exposed, glabrous. Leaves evenly distributed; sheaths glabrous, often reddish-brown; auricles to 1 mm, sometimes absent; ligules shorter than 1 mm, ciliolate; blades 5-15 mm wide, the lower blades usually lax, shorter, narrower, and senescing earlier, the upper blades usually ascending and somewhat involute, adaxial surfaces smooth or scabridulous, occasionally scabrous. Spikes 9-15 cm long, (0.5) 0.7-1.3 cm wide, erect, exserted or the bases slightly sheathed, with 2 spikelets per node; internodes 2.5-4.5 mm long, about 0.25-5 mm thick at the thinnest sections, smooth or scabrous beneath the spikelets. Spikelets 10-15 mm, appressed, often reddish-brown at maturity, with (2) 3-4 (5) florets, lowest florets functional; disarticulation below the glumes and beneath the florets, or the lowest floret falling with the glumes. Glumes equal or subequal, the basal 2-3 mm terete, indurate, strongly bowed out, without evident venation, glume bodies 7-15 mm long, 1.2-2.1 mm wide, linear-lanceolate, widening above the base, 3-5-veined, usually glabrous or scabrous, occasionally hispidulous, rarely hirsute on the veins, margins firm, awns 0-3 (5) mm; lemmas 6-10 mm, glabrous or scabrous, rarely hirsute, awns (0.5) 1-3 (4) mm, rarely 5-10 mm on the lemmas of the distal spikelets, straight; paleas 6-10 mm, obtuse, often emarginate; anthers 1.5-3 mm. Anthesis late June to mid-august. 2n = 28, 42.

Discussion

Elymus curvatus grows in moist or damp soils of open forests, thickets, grasslands, ditches, and disturbed ground, especially on bottomland. It is widespread from British Columbia and Washington, through the Intermountain region and northern Rockies, to the northern Great Plains. It is infrequent or rare in the midwest, the Great Lakes region, and the northeast, and is virtually unknown in the southeast. It is similar to E. virginicus (p. 298), and has sometimes been included in that species as E. virginicus var. submuticus Hook., but is more distinct than the varieties of E. virginicus treated above. Although E. virginicus and E. curvatus overlap greatly in range, E. curvatus usually has a distinct growth form, and its anthesis is 1-2 weeks later (Brooks 1974). Its spikes range from being completely exserted, especially west of the Great Plains, to largely sheathed, especially east of the Mississippi River and in more stressed environments. This geographic trend parallels that within E. virginicus, but sheathed plants of E. curvatus can usually be distinguished by their short awns. Clear transitions to E. virginicus, usually var. jejunus, are rare, but, especially from Missouri to Wisconsin, there are occasional plants with 5-10 mm awns on a few lemmas, especially at the spike tips. Rarely, plants from Missouri and Iowa to Quebec have hispid to hirsute spikelets, suggesting introgression with E. virginicus var. intermedius. There are a few records of apparent hybrids with other species.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"decumbent" is not a number.

... more about "Elymus curvatus"
membranous +  and scarious +
scabridulous +  and smooth +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Bidentate (?) +  and Acute (?) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Mary E. Barkworth +, Julian J.N. Campbell +  and Bjorn Salomon +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +  and 5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (?) +
straight +
basal +  and apical +
from the sinus +  and terminal +
not geniculate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
keeled +  and rounded +
3-5-veined +  and sheathed +
intravaginal +, extravaginal +, branching +  and basal +
geniculate +
swelling +
not evident +
cross +, linear +  and narrowly lanceolate +
5mm;15mm +
spikelike +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Awnless wlldrye +
not branching +
sometimes strongly decumbent +  and prostrate +
60 cm600 mm <br />0.6 m <br /> (110 cm1,100 mm <br />1.1 m <br />) +
not woody +
Idaho +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, N.C. +, Conn. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Mass. +, Wash. +, Va. +, W.Va. +, Ark. +, Iowa +, Kans. +, Mo. +, N.Dak. +, Okla. +, S.Dak. +, Ariz. +, D.C +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ky. +, Mich. +, N.Mex. +, Pa. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Wyo. +, Del. +, Miss. +, Ind. +, Oreg. +, Maine +, N.H. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Ala. +, Fla. +, La. +, Md. +, N.S. +, Ohio +, Tex. +, Wis. +, Colo. +, Calif. +, Alaska +, Utah +, Nev. +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Greenland +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +  and Minn. +
liquid +, soft +  and hard +
capillary +
pistillate +  and staminate +
3 +  and 4 +
laterally compressed +  and terete +
(0)1-7-veined +
shorter than to longer than the adjacent florets +
hirsute +, hispidulous +, scabrous +  and glabrous +
linear-lanceolate +, bowed +  and terete +
subequal +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
widening +
uncinate +
solid +  and hollow +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (?) +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (2.6 cm26 mm <br />0.026 m <br />) +
0.025 cm0.25 mm <br />2.5e-4 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
ciliate +  and scabrous +
distributed +
hirsute +, scabrous +  and glabrous +
linear-lanceolate +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
stiffly membranous +  and coriaceous +
erose +  and entire +
acute +, rounded +  and truncate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
lanceolate +
fleshy +  and membranous +
exposed +  and concealed +
6 +  and 9 +
2 +  and 1 +
hairy +  and glabrous +
well-developed +
slightly longer +
subequal +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
dry +  and fleshy +
spikelike +
9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br /> (?) +  and 15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (?) +
subsessile +  and sessile +
reddish-brown +
bisexual +  and sterile +
terete +  and compressed +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
simple +  and compound +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
not papillate +
Elymus virginicus var. submuticus +, Elymus virginicus var. jenkinsii +  and Elymus submuticus +
Elymus curvatus +
species +
membranous +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br />) +
inconspicuous +
unequal +
plant +  and cespitose +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +