Encalypta rhaptocarpa

Schwägrichen

Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. 1(1): 56. 1811,.

Synonyms: Encalypta intermedia Juratzka Encalypta rhabdocarpa Schwägrichen Encalypta rhaptocarpa var. microstoma Limpricht Encalypta rhaptocarpa var. subspathulata (Müller Hal. & Kindberg) Flowers Encalypta vulgaris var. rhaptocarpa (Schwägrichen) E. Lawton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 177. Mentioned on page 173, 174, 178.

Stems 10–30 mm, central strand absent. Leaves oblong-lanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm, apices acute to short-acuminate, mucronate to hair-pointed; margins plane; costa percurrent to long-excurrent, smooth distally; laminal cells quadrate to subhexagonal, 12–20 µm; basal-cells rectangular, 20–70 µm, smooth; basal marginal cells not differentiated. Specialized asexual reproduction absent. Seta 8–10 mm, reddish-brown. Capsule cylindric, 2.5–3 mm, ribbed, brown to brownish red, ribs dark red; peristome single, reddish-brown, teeth lanceolate 0.5 mm high, papillose, occasionally with a preperistome ring of very short and stubby projections, papillose, erect and brittle; operculum 0.5 mm. Calyptra 3–4 mm, entire to erose at base, smooth to papillose proximally, papillose on rostrum. Spores 35–40 µm, warty, brown.


Habitat: Soil or soil over rock

Distribution

V27 231-distribution-map.gif

Greenland, Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.), N.W.T., Nunavut, Ont., Que., Sask., Yukon, Alaska, Ariz., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mich., Mont., Nebr., Oreg., S.Dak., Wash., Wyo., Mexico (Nuevo León and Zacatecas), Europe, c, e Asia (China), e Asia (Japan), e Asia (Kazakstan), e Asia (Mongolia)

Discussion

Encalypta rhaptocarpa is widely distributed in the northern part of the flora area. It is somewhat similar to E. alpina, but differs in leaf shape and has a much longer excurrent costa, a peristome, and an entire or erose base on the calyptrae. Encalypta rhaptocarpa could be confused also with E. vittiana by the strongly ribbed and red color on the capsule, however E. vittiana has a shorter awn and fringed calyptrae. The peristome of E. rhaptocarpa generally presents as single row of reddish, broadly lanceolate teeth. Careful examination of some specimens reveals a preperistome of very short, stubby projections ringing the outside of the main teeth.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Encalypta rhaptocarpa"
Robert E. Magill +
Schwägrichen +
rectangular +
fringed +  and lacerate +
thin-walled +
small +
papillose +, smooth +  and papillose proximally +
lacerate +, fringed +  and entire +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
furrowed +  and smooth +
brown;brownish red +
erect +  and inclined +
long-exserted +
cylindric +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
percurrent +  and long-excurrent +
subpercurrent +
autoicous +  and sexual +
Greenland +, Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Labr.) +, N.W.T. +, Nunavut +, Ont. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Yukon +, Alaska +, Ariz. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mich. +, Mont. +, Nebr. +, Oreg. +, S.Dak. +, Wash. +, Wyo. +, Mexico (Nuevo León and Zacatecas) +, Europe +, c +, e Asia (China) +, e Asia (Japan) +, e Asia (Kazakstan) +  and e Asia (Mongolia) +
long-rectangular +
distinct +
Soil or soil over rock +
quadrate;subhexagonal +
costate +  and twisted +
oblong-lanceolate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
conic-rostrate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
c--shaped +
reddish-brown +
reduced to small +  and papillose +
frequently reduced;small +
Sp. Musc. Frond. Suppl. +
reddish-brown +
elongate +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
rounded +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +  and 3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
phaneroporous +
Encalypta intermedia +, Encalypta rhabdocarpa +, Encalypta rhaptocarpa var. microstoma +, Encalypta rhaptocarpa var. subspathulata +  and Encalypta vulgaris var. rhaptocarpa +
Encalypta rhaptocarpa +
Encalypta +
species +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
papillose +
lanceolate +
incrassate +
plant +  and gregarious +
small +  and medium-sized +