Erica cinerea

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 352. 1753 ,.

Common names: Scots heath
IntroducedIllustrated
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 493.

Plants ± erect, 15–30 cm; twigs of current season green, with short, stiff hairs, older twigs brownish, glabrescent. Leaves in whorls of 3; petiole 0.1–0.3 mm; blade linear-lanceolate, flat to compressed-triangular in cross-section, 2.5–5 × 0.3–0.6 mm, margins strongly revolute, sparsely prickled, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences terminal racemes, ellipsoid, (1–) 2–4 (–10) cm. Pedicels 2–3 mm, shortly hairy. Flowers: calyx lobes deltate, 2.5–3 × 0.8–1 mm, margins denticulate, apex subacute, glabrous; corolla bright reddish purple, campanulate, 5–6 mm, lobes broadly deltate, 0.5 mm, apex rounded; stamens 10; filaments 3 mm; anthers awned, ca. 0.7 mm, awns 2, basal, 2–3-fid, 0.2–0.3 mm; ovary glabrous; style ca. 4 mm; stigma slightly exserted, slender, capitate. Capsules 1–2 mm, glabrous. Seeds obovoid, 0.7 × 0.4 mm, finely reticulate. 2n = 24.


Phenology: Flowering late spring–summer.
Habitat: Maritime grasslands
Elevation: 0-50 m

Distribution

V8 964-distribution-map.gif

Introduced; Mass., w Europe

Discussion

Erica cinerea was naturalized under planted pines on Nantucket Island, with records dating from 1878 to 1906; it has not persisted.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Erica cinerea"
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (?) +
Rounded (?) +  and Subacute (?) +
Gordon C. Tucker +
Linnaeus +
dehiscent +
2-3-fid +
0.02 cm0.2 mm <br />2.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
flat;compressed-triangular +
coriaceous +
0.3mm;0.6mm +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
0.08 cm0.8 mm <br />8.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Scots heath +
bright reddish +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Mass. +  and w Europe +
0-50 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
pendulous +  and erect +
loculicidal +
ellipsoid +
Maritime grasslands +
multicellular +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
axillary +  and terminal +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
persistent +
deltate +
denticulate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
10-30-flowered +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
4 +  and 5 +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.01 cm0.1 mm <br />1.0e-4 m <br /> (0.03 cm0.3 mm <br />3.0e-4 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring–summer. +
4-5-carpellate +
subterminal +
10-30-flowered +
distinct +
0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br /> (?) +
obovoid +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (?) +
distinct +
4 +  and 5 +
Introduced +  and Illustrated +
exserted +  and included +
procumbent +  and prostrate +
creeping +  and sprawling +
creeping +, spreading +  and erect +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +, obconic +  and filiform +
slender +
straight +
exserted +  and included +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (?) +
Undefined tribe Empetraceae +
Erica cinerea +
species +
foveolate +  and reticulate +
glabrescent +
10-30-flowered +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +