Eriobotrya japonica

(Thunberg) Lindley

Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 102. 1821.

IllustratedIntroduced
Basionym: Mespilus japonica Thunberg Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 3: 208. 1780
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 432.

Stems: bark ± smooth. Leaves: petiole 6–10 mm; blade margins dentate in distal 1/2, lateral-veins 15–25 per side, apex acute. Inflorescences: branches stiff, densely rufous-tomentose, with 1–3 barely reduced leaflike bracts, flowers ± sessile; bracteoles deciduous, narrowly triangular, margins entire, rufous-tomentose. Flowers: sepals 3 × 3 mm; petals ± spreading, often notched, 8–10 mm. Pomes: flesh sweet. Seeds 3–5, black, ovoid, shiny. 2n = 34.


Phenology: Flowering spring.
Habitat: Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots
Elevation: 0–100 m

Distribution

V9 730-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Calif., Fla., Ga., La., Asia (China), also in Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America, Europe, n, s Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australia

Discussion

Naturalized plants of Eriobotrya japonica are only sporadically found in North America. The species is apparently native to east-central China (Gu C. and S. A. Spongberg 2003c), but it has long been cultivated and is now spontaneous in a much larger Asian area. The species is cultivated widely for its fruit in warm temperate and subtropical regions.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Eriobotrya japonica"
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
James B. Phipps +
(Thunberg) Lindley +
gray-brown +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Mespilus japonica +
less elliptic +  and oblong-lanceolate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
reduced +
triangular +
rufous-tomentose +
adnate +  and connate +
Calif. +, Fla. +, Ga. +, La. +, Asia (China) +, also in Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +, South America +, Europe +, n +, s Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +  and Australia +
not +  and aggregated +
0–100 m +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
Redwood forests, suburban and urban woodlots +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
persistent +
rufous-tomentose +
toothed +, unlobed +  and lobed +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
Flowering spring. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
Trans. Linn. Soc. London +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
reflexed +  and suberect +
triangular +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (?) +
Illustrated +  and Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
branched +  and simple +
persistent +  and deciduous +
not persistent +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
elongate +
Eriobotrya japonica +
Eriobotrya +
species +
inconspicuous +
tree +  and shrub +