Eriocaulon aquaticum

(Hill) Druce

Pharmaceutical Journal 83:700. 1909.

Common names: Eriocaulon aquatique
Basionym: Cespa aquatica Hill Herb. Brit., 96*, plate 66 bis. 1769
Synonyms: Eriocaulon articulatum (Hudson) Morong Eriocaulon pellucidum Michaux Eriocaulon pumilum Rafinesque Nasmythia articulata Hudson Nasmythia septangularis (Withering) Martius
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.

Herbs, perennial, 4–21 cm (–100 cm when submersed). Leaves linear-attenuate, 1–10 cm (–40 cm when submersed), apex often subulate. Inflorescences: scape sheaths longer (shores) or shorter (submersed) than principal leaves, inflated; scapes linear to filiform, 1 mm wide, (4–) 5–7-ribbed; mature heads white to pale gray, young heads dark, hemispheric to globose, 4–10 mm wide, soft, flattened when pressed; receptacle glabrous or rarely with a few clear hairs; involucral-bracts becoming reflexed, obscured by proximal bracts and flowers, dark gray, broadly oblong to narrowly ovate or broadly obovate, 1–1.5 mm, margins entire, apex rounded, abaxially with white, club-shaped hairs, otherwise glabrous; inner and receptacular-bracts gray to near black, oblanceolate or cuneate, 1.5 mm, margins entire, apex acute, distal margins and abaxial apical surface with white, club-shaped hairs. Staminate flowers: sepals 2, grayish, oblong-linear or linear-oblanceolate, curved, 1.5 mm, apex acute to rounded, margins and abaxial surface with white, club-shaped hairs; androphore club-shaped; petals 2, triangular, nearly equal, 0.5 mm, ciliate, hairs white, club-shaped; stamens 4; anthers black. Pistillate flowers: sepals 2, gray, oblong to narrowly obovate, curved, keeled, 1.5 mm, blade usually ciliate, distal abaxial surfaces with white hairs; petals 2, pale, oblong-linear to linear-oblanceolate, 1.5 mm, apex acute to obtuse, apically ciliate, adaxially with white, club-shaped hairs; pistil 2-carpellate. Seeds light-brown or redbrown, ovoid to broadly ellipsoid, 0.5 mm, very faintly reticulate, not papillate.


Phenology: Flowering spring–fall.
Habitat: Sandy or peaty, often sphagnous, shores, bogs, muskegs, shallows
Elevation: 0–600 m

Distribution

V22 574-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., Ind., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Va., Wis., Europe (Great Britain), Europe (Ireland)

Discussion

The name Eriocaulon septangulare Withering, widely used for this species, is invalid (H. N. Moldenke 1937). Some (T. G. Tutin et al. 1964–1980, vol. 5) retain E. aquaticum (Hill) Druce as the valid name if one accepts both North American and European plants as the same species (the alternative taken here). If North American plants are considered to be distinct from Eurasian ones, then the appropriate binomial for ours becomes E. pellucidum Michaux.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number.

... more about "Eriocaulon aquaticum"
club--shaped +
longitudinal +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
peglike +  and glandlike +
cleft +, fringed +  and bladelike +
Robert Kral +
(Hill) Druce +
branching +, monopodial +  and sympodial +
lacunate +
stipelike +
Cespa aquatica +
greener +  and pale +
lingulate;triangular-acuminate;linear-attenuate +
narrowing +
Eriocaulon aquatique +
N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, Ind. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Va. +, Wis. +, Europe (Great Britain) +  and Europe (Ireland) +
0–600 m +
mealy-starchy +
epipetalous +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unappendaged +
pale +  and dark +
subapical +  and adaxial +
Sandy or peaty, often sphagnous, shores, bogs, muskegs, shallows +
multicellular +
white +  and clear +
club--shaped +
dark +, white +  and pale gray +
young +  and mature +
flattened;hemispheric;globose +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
involucrate +  and simple +
axillary +  and terminal +
short-cylindric +  and buttonlike +
cuneate +  and oblanceolate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
septate +  and unbranched +
linear-attenuate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
orthotropous +  and pendulous +
adaxial-apical +
separating +  and separated +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Flowering spring–fall. +
Pharmaceutical Journal +
rarely +  and glabrous +
thinner +  and narrower +
spongy-septate +
spongy +  and fibrous +
multiribbed +, twisted +  and simple +
1;several +
linear +  and filiform +
not papillate +
ovoid +  and broadly ellipsoid +
gray +  and grayish +
keeled;oblong;narrowly obovate +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (?) +
dilated +
unequal +
prostrate +  and repent +
elongate +
short-to-elongate +
unappendaged +
Eriocaulon articulatum +, Eriocaulon pellucidum +, Eriocaulon pumilum +, Nasmythia articulata +  and Nasmythia septangularis +
Eriocaulon aquaticum +
Eriocaulon +
species +
scapose +  and caulescent +
pubescent +  and glabrous +