Eriocaulon lineare

Small

Flora of the Southeastern United States 236, 1328. 1903.

Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 22.

Herbs, perennial, 6–20 cm (–80 cm when submersed). Leaves linear-attenuate, 1–10 cm (–20 cm when submersed), apex filiform. Inflorescences: scape sheaths mostly shorter than leaves in emergents, exceeding them in drier sites; scapes linear, 1 mm wide, 4–7-ribbed; heads (young or mature) very pale, hemispheric to nearly globose, rarely short-cylindric, 4–10 mm wide, soft, flattened when pressed; receptacle glabrous; involucral-bracts sometimes squarrose, obscured by reflexed bracteoles and flowers of mature heads, straw-colored, orbiculate to ovate, 2–2.5 mm, margins entire, apex rounded, with white, club-shaped hairs; receptacular-bracts and bracteoles pale except for grayish midzone, obovate to cuneate, 2 mm, margins entire, apex acute, ciliate, distal abaxial surfaces with white, club-shaped hairs. Staminate flowers: sepals 2, grayish, oblong-linear, curvate, 1.5–2 mm, apex acute with white, club-shaped hairs; androphore club-shaped; petals 2, pale, triangular, 0.5 mm, ciliate, hairs club-shaped; stamens 4; anthers black. Pistillate flowers: sepals 2, basally pale, darkening distally to grayish, gray-green, or gray-brown, narrowly oblong-obovate, curved, 2 mm, apex rounded, abaxially with white, club-shaped hairs; petals 2, yellow-white, broadly spatulate, flat, 1.5–2 mm, apex rounded, abaxially with white hairs, adaxially with white or clear hairs; pistil 2-carpellate. Seeds dark redbrown, ovoid or ellipsoid, 0.5–0.75 mm, faintly rectangular-reticulate, often papillate in lines.


Phenology: Flowering mostly summer–fall.
Habitat: Sandy or peaty shores, hypericum ponds, wet savanna, southern coastal plain terraces
Elevation: 0–100 m

Discussion

Eriocaulon lineare closely resembles E. texanum, although it has paler bracts and flowers and a glabrous (rather than pilose) receptacle. Eriocaulon lineare blooms later and is most common in the margins or shallows of ponds, rather than in the sphagnous bogs favored by E. texanum.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"narrower" is not a number.

... more about "Eriocaulon lineare"
club--shaped +
longitudinal +
versatile +  and dorsifixed +
Rounded (?) +, Acute (?) +  and Filiform (?) +
peglike +  and glandlike +
cleft +, fringed +  and bladelike +
Robert Kral +
branching +, monopodial +  and sympodial +
lacunate +
stipelike +
greener +  and pale +
lingulate;triangular-acuminate;linear-attenuate +
narrowing +
obovate;cuneate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
Ala. +, Fla. +, Ga. +  and N.C. +
0–100 m +
mealy-starchy +
epipetalous +
pistillate +  and staminate +
unappendaged +
pale +  and dark +
subapical +  and adaxial +
Sandy or peaty shores, hypericum ponds, wet savanna, southern coastal plain terraces +
multicellular +
clear +  and white +
club--shaped +
flattened;short-cylindric;hemispheric;nearly globose +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
involucrate +  and simple +
axillary +  and terminal +
short-cylindric +  and buttonlike +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
septate +  and unbranched +
linear-attenuate +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br />) +
orthotropous +  and pendulous +
adaxial-apical +
separating +  and separated +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Flowering mostly summer–fall. +
Flora of the Southeastern United States +
obovate +  and cuneate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +
thinner +  and narrower +
spongy-septate +
spongy +  and fibrous +
multiribbed +, twisted +  and simple +
1;several +
papillate +
ellipsoid +  and ovoid +
darkening +  and distally grayish gray-green or gray-brown +
oblong-obovate;curvate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (?) +, 0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (?) +  and 0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (?) +
dilated +
unequal +
prostrate +  and repent +
elongate +
short-to-elongate +
unappendaged +
Eriocaulon lineare +
Eriocaulon +
species +
scapose +  and caulescent +
pubescent +  and glabrous +