Filipendula rubra

(Hill) B. L. Robinson

Rhodora 8: 204. 1906.

Common names: Queen of the prairie filipendule rouge
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Ulmaria rubra Hill Hort. Kew., 214, plate 7. 1768
Synonyms: Filipendula lobata (Gronovius ex Jacquin) Maximowicz Spiraea rubra (Hill) Britton Thecanisia angustifolia Rafinesque T. lobata (Gronovius ex Jacquin) Rafinesque T. purpurea Rafinesque
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 25. Mentioned on page 24.

Plants strongly rhizomatous, forming irregular patches, 12–25 dm. Rhizomes horizontal, thin, 2.5–3 mm wide, internodes 3–7 cm; root-tubers absent. Stems glabrous. Leaves: basal 1 or 2, deciduous by flowering; stipules ovate to elliptic, 1–1.5 cm, base auriculate; lateral leaflets in 1–5 pairs, remote, ovate to elliptic, to 9 cm, palmately 2–3-lobed, lobes lanceolate, margins serrate or doubly serrate; terminal leaflets round, 10–15 cm diam., palmately 7–9-lobed, lobes oblanceolate to lanceolate, margins doubly serrate, apex acute to acuminate, surfaces hairy at least on veins, hairs appressed, straight, short, 0.5 mm, or adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences 100+-flowered; branches and pedicels glabrous. Flowers: hypanthium slightly concave; sepals (4–) 5 (–6), purplish, spatulate to triangular, 1–3 mm, margins without midrib, abaxially glabrous, adaxially finely appressed-hairy or glabrous; petals (4–) 5 (–6), pink to purple, orbiculate, 2.5–7 mm, claws distinct, short, base narrow, margins unevenly toothed; stamens pink to purplish, about equal to or longer than petals. Achenes 3–7, flattened, oblanceolate, straight, 8–14 mm, glabrous; stipes 0.5–1.5 mm; styles 1–2 mm.


Phenology: Flowering summer (Jun–Jul).
Habitat: Moist meadows and bogs, roadsides, ditches, often persistent in abandoned gardens
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V9 31-distribution-map.jpg

N.B., N.S., Ont., Que., Conn., Ill., Ind., Iowa, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Filipendula rubra is widely planted as an ornamental and is known only in cultivation or as an escape in the northern part of the listed range (eastern Canada, Maine, New York) as well as in West Virginia. The species is related to the east Asian F. angustiloba (Turczaninow) Maximowicz and F. palmata (Pallas) Maximowicz; it was used by Native Americans for heart troubles and love potions (D. E. Moerman 1998). The plant probably contains salicylic acid (natural precursor to aspirin), which has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects. It has been used to treat gout, influenza, rheumatism, arthritis, fever, and kidney and bladder problems. The root is rich in tannins; it is used as an astringent in the treatment of, for example, diarrhea, dysentery, and bleeding (S. Foster and J. A. Duke 1990).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Filipendula rubra"
sparsely short-hairy +  and tomentose +
oblanceolate +  and flattened +
8mm +  and 14mm +
Ivan A. Schanzer +
(Hill) B. L. Robinson +
persistent +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
auriculate +
Ulmaria rubra +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
sessile +  and stipitate +
free +  and distinct +
ciliate +  and hirsute +
distinct +
Queen of the prairie +  and filipendule rouge +
N.B. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Que. +, Conn. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Iowa +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1000 m +
glabrous +  and hairy +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Moist meadows and bogs, roadsides, ditches, often persistent in abandoned gardens +
straight +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
crassinucellate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (7 cm70 mm <br />0.07 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
deciduous +
oblanceolate +  and lanceolate +
glabrous +  and appressed-hairy +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
hairy +  and glabrous +
5 (?) +  and 6 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Flowering summer (Jun–Jul). +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
spatulate +  and triangular +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
pink +  and purplish +
free +  and distinct +
shorter to longer +
leafy +  and simple +
1 +  and 10 +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
pinnate +  and nearly palmate +
adnate +  and free +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
persistent +
distinct +
terminal +  and subterminal +
not elongate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Filipendula lobata +, Spiraea rubra +, Thecanisia angustifolia +, T. lobata +  and T. purpurea +
Filipendula rubra +
Filipendula +
species +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
7-9-lobed +  and round +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +