Filipendula vulgaris

Moench

Methodus, 663. 1794.

Common names: Filipendule vulgaire
Introduced
Basionym: Spiraea filipendula Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 490. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 27. Mentioned on page 24.

Plants cespitose, 5–10 dm. Rhizomes horizontal to nearly vertical, relatively stout, 5–10 mm wide, internodes 0.5–1 cm; root-tubers round to elongate, 1–3 cm. Stems glabrous. Leaves: basal 3–6 (–7), persistent to flowering; stipules ovate, 0.8–1.2 cm, apiculate, base auriculate; lateral leaflets in 7–17 pairs, close, lanceolate, to 3 cm, margins deeply dentate; terminal leaflets lanceolate, to 3 cm, 3-lobed, lobes lanceolate, margins deeply dentate, apex acute, abaxial surface glabrous or hairy on nerves, hairs appressed, straight to curly. Inflorescences usually less than 100-flowered; branches and pedicels glabrous. Flowers: hypanthium concave, becoming convex in fruit; sepals (5–) 6–7 (–9), green, spatulate to triangular, 2–3 mm, margins without midrib, glabrous; petals (5–) 6–7 (–9), white to cream, obovate, 5–8 mm, clawed, base narrow, margins entire; stamens white, about equal to petals. Achenes 10–18, slightly flattened, ovate, straight, 3–5 mm, densely appressed-hairy throughout, hairs straight, short; sessile (attached to enlarged globose torus); styles 0.5–1 mm. 2n = 14, 14+2B (Europe, w Asia).


Phenology: Flowering summer (Jun–Jul).
Habitat: Abandoned gardens and cemeteries, well-drained short grasslands
Elevation: 0–1000 m

Distribution

V9 33-distribution-map.jpg

Introduced; Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., Calif., Conn., Maine, Mass., N.Y., Vt., Eurasia, n Africa

Discussion

Filipendula vulgaris has been cultivated as an ornamental in North America and probably escapes. The native range stretches from Atlantic Europe to southwestern Siberia (Altai Mountains), and from southern Scandinavia to northern Africa. Despite strong morphologic differences from the other species of Filipendula, it is probably related to F. ulmaria (I. A. Schanzer 1994). Two additional names have been associated with this species: Filipendula hexapetala Gilibert is a rejected name, and F. hexapetala Gilibert ex Maximowicz is illegitimate.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Filipendula vulgaris"
hairy +  and glabrous +
appressed-hairy +
ovate +  and flattened +
short-hairy +  and glabrous +
Ivan A. Schanzer +
Moench +
persistent +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
auriculate +
Spiraea filipendula +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (40 cm400 mm <br />0.4 m <br />) +
sessile +  and stipitate +
free +  and distinct +
ciliate +  and hirsute +
Filipendule vulgaire +
Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, Calif. +, Conn. +, Maine +, Mass. +, N.Y. +, Vt. +, Eurasia +  and n Africa +
not +  and aggregated +
0–1000 m +
glabrous +  and hairy +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
not +  and aggregated +
lanceolate +  and oblanceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1.4 cm14 mm <br />0.014 m <br />) +
Abandoned gardens and cemeteries, well-drained short grasslands +
straight +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (?) +
crassinucellate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
deciduous +
lanceolate +
entire +  and dentate +
toothed +, unlobed +  and lobed +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
hairy +  and glabrous +
7 (?) +  and 9 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
6 +  and 7 +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Flowering summer (Jun–Jul). +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
horizontal +  and nearly vertical +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
spatulate +  and triangular +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Introduced +
free +  and distinct +
shorter to longer +
leafy +  and simple +
1 +  and 10 +
pinnate +  and nearly palmate +
adnate +  and free +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br />) +
persistent +
distinct +
terminal +  and subterminal +
not elongate +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Thecanisia +  and Ulmaria +
Filipendula vulgaris +
Filipendula +
species +
3-lobed +  and lanceolate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br />) +
inconspicuous +
enlarged +
plant +  and cespitose +