Fragaria chiloensis

(Linnaeus) Miller

Gard. Dict. ed. 8, Fragaria no. 4. 1768.

Common names: Chilean or beach or sand strawberry
Basionym: Fragaria vesca var. chiloensis Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 495. 1753
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 278. Mentioned on page 275, 279.

Plants hermaphroditic or unisexual. Leaves dark or dull green, not glaucous, thick, leathery, strongly reticulately veined abaxially, terminal tooth of terminal leaflet usually shorter than adjacent teeth, abaxial surface densely silky, adaxial glabrous, shiny. Flowers bisexual, pistillate or staminate (plants dioecious or trioecious); hypanthium 14.5–27.8 mm diam.; petals 5 (or 6), obovate to widely depressed obovate, margins distinct or overlapping. Achenes in shallow pits or partially embedded, reddish-brown to dark-brown, 1.4–2 mm; bractlets and sepals clasping; torus not easily separated from hypanthium.

Distribution

V9 449-distribution-map.jpg

B.C., Alaska, Calif., Oreg., Wash., South America

Discussion

Subspecies 4 (2 in the flora).

Fragaria chiloensis was first described from cultivated plants that had been selected in Chile at least 400 years ago and brought to Europe in 1714. Subsequently, it was realized that wild-growing plants of this species exist in North America and South America. The typical subspecies is restricted to South America; subspp. lucida and pacifica are present in North America, and the latter in Hawaii as well.

The proposal by K. E. Hokanson et al. (2006) to classify subsp. lucida and subsp. pacifica as forms of one North American subspecies seems inappropriate.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Stolons, petioles, peduncles, and pedicels usually appressed ascending-hairy, sometimes almost glabrous. Fragaria chiloensis subsp. lucida
1 Stolons, petioles, peduncles, and pedicels spreading-hairy (usually densely so). Fragaria chiloensis subsp. pacifica

"thick" is not a number.

... more about "Fragaria chiloensis"
reddish-brown +  and dark-brown +
embedded in torus flesh +  and superficial +
ovoid +  and ovate +
1.4mm +  and 2mm +
Günter Staudt† +
(Linnaeus) Miller +
Fragaria vesca var. chiloensis +
ovate +, shallowly deltate +  and widely ovate or widely depressed +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
thin +  and thick +
free +  and distinct +
Chilean or beach or sand strawberry +
B.C. +, Alaska +, Calif. +, Oreg. +, Wash. +  and South America +
not +  and aggregated +
staminate +  and pistillate +
1.2 cm12 mm <br />0.012 m <br /> (2.98 cm29.8 mm <br />0.0298 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
1.45 cm14.5 mm <br />0.0145 m <br /> (2.78 cm27.8 mm <br />0.0278 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
opposite +  and alternate +
green +, dull +  and dark +
deciduous +
not glaucous +
leathery +
rhombic +  and roundish +
pinnate +  and entire +
serrate +  and crenate +
inferior +  and superior +
clustered +, biseriate +  and superposed +
5 (?) +  and 9 (?) +
Pink (?) +  and White (?) +
free +  and distinct +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
shallow +
Gard. Dict. ed. +
not arillate +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
reflexed +  and spreading +
lanceolate +
free +  and distinct +
1 +  and 10 +
palmate +  and pinnate +
deciduous +
distinct +
not elongate +
Fragaria chiloensis +
Fragaria +
species +
2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br /> (3.7 cm37 mm <br />0.037 m <br />) +
white +, carmine +, wine red +  and red +
inconspicuous +
subglobose +  and oblong conic or oblate +
enlarged +
0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br /> (2.4 cm24 mm <br />0.024 m <br />) +
stoloniferous +, short-rhizomatous +  and acaulescent +
unisexual +  and hermaphroditic +