Gaultheria hispidula

(Linnaeus) Muhlenberg ex Bigelow

Fl. Boston. ed. 2, 165. 1824 ,.

Common names: Creeping snowberry cancer wintergreen
Endemic
Basionyms: Vaccinium hispidulum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 352. 1753
Synonyms: Chiogenes hispidula (Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 513. Mentioned on page 512.

Subshrubs (vinelike), creeping, mat-forming, stoloniferous; roots adventitious or fibrous. Stems repent, 10–14 cm, densely strigose. Leaf-blades elliptic to oval, 0.3–1 cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins ciliate, (slightly revolute), apex acute, abaxial surface strigose, adaxial glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers; bracts light green, broadly lanceolate, 1.5–2 mm, exceeding sepals, sparsely strigose. Pedicels light green, 1.5–3 mm, strigose; bracteoles absent. Flowers: sepals 4, connate ca. 1/2 their lengths, white, ovate, 1–1.5 mm, hairy basally (hairs dark red); petals 4, connate 1/3 their lengths, white, 2–3.5 mm, glabrous, corolla campanulate, lobes 1.5–2 mm; filaments broadest in middle and narrowing distally and proximally, glabrous; anthers with 2 bifurcating awns, dehiscent by subterminal pores. Fruits white, 2.5–6 mm wide. 2n = 22.


Phenology: Flowering Jun-early Aug; fruiting Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Sphagnum bogs, fens and mossy, coniferous woodland forests and swamps, often on moss-covered or rotting logs
Elevation: 30-1400 m

Distribution

V8 1000-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr., N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Sask., Conn., Idaho, Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., Ohio, Pa., R.I., Vt., Wash., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadest" is not a number."/3" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property.

... more about "Gaultheria hispidula"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Debra K. Trock +
(Linnaeus) Muhlenberg ex Bigelow +
dehiscent +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate;rounded +
Vaccinium hispidulum +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
elliptic;oval +
orbiculate;subcordate or reniform +
coriaceous +
light green +
lanceolate +
Creeping snowberry +  and cancer wintergreen +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Sask. +, Conn. +, Idaho +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, Vt. +, Wash. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
30-1400 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5-valved +  and capsular +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
Sphagnum bogs, fens and mossy, coniferous woodland forests and swamps, often on moss-covered or rotting logs +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
aromatic +
1.5mm +  and 2mm +
revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;serrate +
narrowing +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
not sticky +
Flowering Jun-early Aug +  and fruiting Jul–Sep. +
4-5-carpellate +
Fl. Boston. ed. +
2-12-flowered +
adventitious +
distinct +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (14 cm140 mm <br />0.14 m <br />) +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +  and truncate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
Chiogenes hispidula +
Gaultheria hispidula +
Gaultheria +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
subshrub +  and mat-forming +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +
13 +, 12 +  and 11 +