Gaultheria humifusa

(Graham) Rydberg

Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 1: 300. 1900 ,.

Common names: Alpine spicy wintergreen
Endemic
Basionyms: Vaccinium humifusum Graham Edinburgh New Philos. J. 11: 193. 1831
Synonyms: Gaultheria myrsinites Hooker
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 513. Mentioned on page 512.

Subshrubs, creeping, mat-forming, stoloniferous; roots adventitious or fibrous. Stems spreading and repent, 10–30 cm, (slender), usually hirtellous, sometimes glabrous. Leaf-blades orbiculate, ovate, or broadly elliptic, 1–2.5 cm, base obtuse to rounded, margins serrulate (teeth bristle-tipped), apex obtuse or acute, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers; bracts green with reddish margins, broadly ovate, 2.5–3 mm, exceeding sepals, glabrous. Pedicels green, 0.5–1.5 mm, glabrous; bracteoles 1–3, green or pink-tinged, deltate, 0.5–1 mm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals 5, connate ca. 1/2 their lengths, red to deep pink, narrowly ovate, 2–2.5 mm, glabrous; petals 5, connate basally, white to pale-pink, 2.5–4 mm, glabrous, corolla campanulate, lobes (spreading), 1.5–3 mm; filaments broadest proximally, glabrous; anthers without awns, dehiscent by terminal pores. Fruits red, 5–7 mm wide.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Jul; fruiting Jul–Sep.
Habitat: Coniferous woodlands and in moist soils along stream banks, subalpine to alpine wet meadows, rocky mountain slopes
Elevation: 900-3700 m

Distribution

V8 1001-distribution-map.gif

Alta., B.C., Calif., Colo., Idaho, Mont., Nev., Oreg., Utah, Wash., Wyo.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadest" is not a number."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaultheria humifusa"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Acute (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Debra K. Trock +
(Graham) Rydberg +
dehiscent +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
obtuse;rounded +
Vaccinium humifusum +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
elliptic;ovate;elliptic;ovate;orbiculate +
orbiculate;subcordate or reniform +
coriaceous +
pink-tinged +  and green +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
Alpine spicy wintergreen +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alta. +, B.C. +, Calif. +, Colo. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Nev. +, Oreg. +, Utah +, Wash. +  and Wyo. +
900-3700 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5-valved +  and capsular +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Coniferous woodlands and in moist soils along stream banks, subalpine to alpine wet meadows, rocky mountain slopes +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
aromatic +
1.5mm +  and 3mm +
revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not sticky +
Flowering Jun–Jul +  and fruiting Jul–Sep. +
4-5-carpellate +
Mem. New York Bot. Gard. +
2-12-flowered +
adventitious +
distinct +
red +  and deep pink +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +  and truncate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
Gaultheria myrsinites +
Gaultheria humifusa +
Gaultheria +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
subshrub +  and mat-forming +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +
13 +, 12 +  and 11 +