Gaultheria ovatifolia

A. Gray

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts 19: 85. 1883 ,.

Common names: Western teaberry
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 513.

Shrubs, spreading, not mat-forming, rhizomatous; adventitious-roots absent. Stems decumbent, branches ascending to erect, (reddish), 15–30 cm, lanate (hairs white to brownish), sometimes glabrescent. Leaf-blades broadly ovate to subcordate, 2–4 cm, base rounded to cordate, margins crenulate to serrate, apex acute to, rarely, rounded, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers; bracts reddish, ovate, 1–1.5 mm, not exceeding sepals, sparsely hairy. Pedicels green or red tinged, 1–1.5 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy; bracteoles 2–6 (in pairs), dark green or red tinged, ovate, 1–2 mm, glabrous or sparsely hairy. Flowers: sepals 5, connate basally, reddish, ovate, 1.5–2 mm, lanate-hairy; petals 5, connate nearly their entire lengths, white to pinkish, 3–4 mm, glabrous, corolla urceolate to campanulate, lobes 1 mm; filaments conspicuously wider proximally (base with rounded, auriclelike projections), glabrous; anthers without awns, dehiscent by terminal pores. Fruits bright red, 5–7 mm wide.


Phenology: Flowering late May-early Jul; fruiting Aug–Sep.
Habitat: Relatively dry, mixed hardwood and coniferous forests, damp streamsides and moist soils, rocky slopes
Elevation: 300-1600 m

Distribution

V8 1002-distribution-map.gif

B.C., Calif., Idaho, Mont., Oreg., Wash.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"wider" is not a number."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaultheria ovatifolia"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Rounded (?) +  and Acute (?) +
Debra K. Trock +
A. Gray +
dehiscent +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
rounded;cordate +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br />) +
broadly ovate;subcordate +
orbiculate;subcordate or reniform +
coriaceous +
red tinged +  and dark green +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
ascending;erect +
glabrescent +  and lanate +
Western teaberry +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
B.C. +, Calif. +, Idaho +, Mont. +, Oreg. +  and Wash. +
300-1600 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5-valved +  and capsular +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
Relatively dry, mixed hardwood and coniferous forests, damp streamsides and moist soils, rocky slopes +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
aromatic +
crenulate;serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
red tinged +  and green +
hairy +  and glabrous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br />) +
not sticky +
Flowering late May-early Jul +  and fruiting Aug–Sep. +
4-5-carpellate +
Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts +
2-12-flowered +
distinct +
lanate-hairy +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +  and truncate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
Gaultheria ovatifolia +
Gaultheria +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
shrub +  and not mat-forming +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +
13 +, 12 +  and 11 +