Gaultheria procumbens

Linnaeus

Sp. Pl. 1: 395. 1753 ,.

Common names: Eastern teaberry checkerberry wintergreen
Endemic
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 514. Mentioned on page 513.

Subshrubs, creeping, not mat-forming, rhizomatous or stoloniferous; adventitious-roots absent. Stems decumbent, branches ascending, 5–20 cm, lanate, glabrescent. Leaf-blades (pale green abaxially, bright green, glaucous adaxially), obovate to oval or orbiculate, 1.5–4.5 cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins serrate (teeth bristle-tipped), (slightly revolute), apex acute to rounded or obtuse, rarely mucronate, surfaces sparsely hairy (hairs unbranched). Inflorescences axillary, solitary flowers or with 2–3 nodding flowers per node; bracts reddish, cordate, distinctly concave, 1–2 mm, not exceeding sepals, ciliate marginally. Pedicels pinkish, 1–3 mm, lanate; bracteoles absent. Flowers: sepals 5, connate 1/2 to nearly their entire lengths, white, cordate, 2.5–3.5 mm, ciliate marginally; petals 5, connate nearly their entire lengths, white, 8–10 mm, adaxial surface lanate-hairy, corolla urceolate, lobes 1 mm; filaments (pinkish), slightly widened proximally, lanate-tomentose; anthers with 2 apical awns (awns not bifurcating), dehiscent by subterminal pores proximal to awns. Fruits bright red to reddish violet, 6–9 mm wide. 2n = 44, 88.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Sep; fruiting Sep–Jan.
Habitat: Mixed woodlands, mesic forests, dry, acidic woodlands, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks, old pastures, coniferous woodlands, maritime heathlands, montane heath balds, bogs and fens, usually in acidic and/or sandy soils
Elevation: 0-1500 m

Distribution

V8 1003-distribution-map.gif

Man., N.B., Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.), N.S., Ont., P.E.I., Que., Ala., Conn., Del., D.C., Ga., Ill., Ind., Ky., Maine, Md., Mass., Mich., Minn., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Pa., R.I., S.C., Tenn., Vt., Va., W.Va., Wis.

Discussion

Although common or abundant in most of its range, Gaultheria procumbens has been listed as endangered in Illinois.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"widest" is not a number."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaultheria procumbens"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Debra K. Trock +
Linnaeus +
dehiscent +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate;rounded +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
obovate;oval or orbiculate +
orbiculate;subcordate or reniform +
coriaceous +
concave +  and cordate +
glabrescent +  and lanate +
Eastern teaberry +, checkerberry +  and wintergreen +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Man. +, N.B. +, Nfld. and Labr. (Nfld.) +, N.S. +, Ont. +, P.E.I. +, Que. +, Ala. +, Conn. +, Del. +, D.C. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Ky. +, Maine +, Md. +, Mass. +, Mich. +, Minn. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +, Tenn. +, Vt. +, Va. +, W.Va. +  and Wis. +
0-1500 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
flattened +
lanate-tomentose +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5-valved +  and capsular +
bright red +  and reddish violet +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.9 cm9 mm <br />0.009 m <br />) +
Mixed woodlands, mesic forests, dry, acidic woodlands, powerline rights-of-way, roadbanks, old pastures, coniferous woodlands, maritime heathlands, montane heath balds, bogs and fens, usually in acidic and/or sandy soils +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
aromatic +
revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;revolute;plane;ciliate;crenate;serrate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br />) +
not sticky +
Flowering Jun–Sep +  and fruiting Sep–Jan. +
4-5-carpellate +
2-12-flowered +
distinct +
1/2 +  and 5 +
cordate +
0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br /> (0.35 cm3.5 mm <br />0.0035 m <br />) +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +  and truncate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
Gaultheria procumbens +
Gaultheria +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
stoloniferous +  and rhizomatous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
subshrub +  and not mat-forming +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +
13 +, 12 +  and 11 +