Gaultheria pyroloides

Hooker f. & Thomson ex Miquel

Ann. Mus. Bot. Ludguno-Batavi 1: 30. 1863 ,.

Common names: Miquel’s spicy or Japanese wintergreen
Synonyms: Gaultheria miqueliana Takeda
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 514. Mentioned on page 512.

Shrubs, erect or, rarely, creeping, not mat-forming, rhizomatous, with adventitious-roots. Stems (slender to stout), 10–30 cm, glabrous. Leaf-blades oval to obovate or elliptic, 1.5–3.5 cm, base cuneate to rounded, margins serrate to ± crenate (teeth usually tipped with minute, glandular bristles), apex obtuse, surfaces glabrous. Inflorescences axillary, drooping, secund racemes; peduncle reddish, 2–6 cm, sparsely hairy; bracts light green, oblanceolate, 2.5–3.5 mm, not exceeding sepals, glabrous. Pedicels green, 4–8 mm, sparsely hairy; bracteoles 1–3, pink to reddish, narrowly oblanceolate to subulate, 1–2 mm, glabrous. Flowers: sepals 5, connate ca. 1/2 their lengths, dark green, deltate, 1.5–2 mm, glabrous; petals 5, connate nearly their entire lengths, cream to light pink, 5–6 mm, glabrous, corolla urceolate, lobes 0.5 mm; filaments broadest proximally, tapering distally, minutely ciliate marginally; anthers with 2 bifurcating awns, dehiscent by subterminal pores proximal to awns. Fruits white, 6–8 mm wide.


Phenology: Flowering Jun–Aug; fruiting Sep–Oct.
Habitat: Alpine heath and rocky soils on mountain slopes
Elevation: 400-2900 m

Discussion

Gaultheria pyroloides is native on Honshu Island, Japan, and has been collected from a restricted location in Alaska, on the northeast corner of Kiska Island in the western Aleutians.

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"broadest" is not a number."entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaultheria pyroloides"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
Debra K. Trock +
Hooker f. & Thomson ex Miquel +
dehiscent +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate;rounded +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (3.5 cm35 mm <br />0.035 m <br />) +
oval;obovate or elliptic +
orbiculate;subcordate or reniform +
coriaceous +
light green +
oblanceolate +
pink +  and reddish +
narrowly oblanceolate +  and subulate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
Miquel’s spicy or Japanese wintergreen +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
Alaska +  and e Asia (Japan) +
400-2900 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
hairy +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
5-valved +  and capsular +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
globose +
0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
Alpine heath and rocky soils on mountain slopes +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
persistent +
aromatic +
serrate;more or less crenate +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.6 cm6 mm <br />0.006 m <br />) +
not sticky +
Flowering Jun–Aug +  and fruiting Sep–Oct. +
4-5-carpellate +
Ann. Mus. Bot. Ludguno-Batavi +
distinct +
deltate +
0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br /> (0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br />) +
10 cm100 mm <br />0.1 m <br /> (30 cm300 mm <br />0.3 m <br />) +
peltate +  and capitate +
capitate +  and truncate +
straight +
brochidodromous +  and reticulodromous +
Gaultheria miqueliana +
Gaultheria pyroloides +
Gaultheria +
species +
hairy +  and glabrous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
shrub +  and not mat-forming +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +
13 +, 12 +  and 11 +