Gaylussacia frondosa

(Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray in J. Torrey

in J. Torrey, Fl. New York 1: 449. 1843 ,.

Common names: Dangleberry
IllustratedEndemic
Basionyms: Vaccinium frondosum Linnaeus Sp. Pl. 1: 351. 1753
Synonyms: Decachaena frondosa (Linnaeus) Small
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 534. Mentioned on page 531, 535.

Plants 7.5–20 dm, forming small to extensive colonies; branches spreading; twigs of current season pale green, glabrous or glabrate. Leaves: petiole 2–3 mm; blade greenish white, glaucescent abaxially, green to yellowish green, dull green adaxially, ovate to oblong, 2.5–5 (–6) × 2–3 cm, subcoriaceous, base cuneate, margins entire, apex rounded to obtuse, surfaces short-hairy (hairs white) or glabrous, sessile-glandular abaxially. Inflorescences drooping, 2–4-flowered, sometimes flowers solitary, bracteate, 1–4.5 cm, glabrous or pilose; bracts early-deciduous, leaflike or not, 5–6 mm, shorter than pedicels, sessile-glandular, sparsely hairy. Pedicels 8–15 (–20) mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; bracteoles 1–2, 1–2.5 mm, (sessile-glandular). Flowers: sepals 5, 1–1.2 mm, glabrous, sessile-glandular; petals 5, corolla greenish white, campanulate-conic, 3–5 mm, lobes deltate, 1–1.4 mm; filaments 0.5–1 mm, pilose; anthers included (tips barely exserted), 2.5 mm, thecae not divergent distally; ovary glabrous. Drupes juicy, sweet, blue (sometimes black, rarely white), glaucescent, 5–8 mm diam., glabrous. Seeds 1.5 mm.


Phenology: Flowering late spring.
Habitat: Upland sites in deciduous oak-hickory woods and pine hardwoods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, moist to wet acidic shrub swamps and pocosins, streamhead ecotones, moist to wet pine savannas and flatwoods
Elevation: 0-300 m

Distribution

V8 1042-distribution-map.gif

Conn., Del., Ga., Md., Mass., N.H., N.J., N.Y., N.C., Pa., R.I., S.C., Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"entire" is not a number.

... more about "Gaylussacia frondosa"
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (?) +
Rounded (?) +  and Obtuse (?) +
Bruce A. Sorrie +, Alan S. Weakley +  and Gordon C. Tucker +
(Linnaeus) Torrey & A. Gray in J. Torrey +
furrowed +  and smooth +
not flaky +
cuneate +
Vaccinium frondosum +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (6 cm60 mm <br />0.06 m <br />) +
glaucescent +
green +  and yellowish green +
2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
ovate;oblong +
subcoriaceous +
2cm;3cm +
not +  and leaflike +
early-deciduous +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.25 cm2.5 mm <br />0.0025 m <br />) +
small +  and extensive +
Dangleberry +
greenish white +
rotate to crateriform campanulate cylindric globose or urceolate +
0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br /> (0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br />) +
Conn. +, Del. +, Ga. +, Md. +, Mass. +, N.H. +, N.J. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Pa. +, R.I. +, S.C. +  and Va. +
glaucescent +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
0-300 m +
undifferentiated +
fusiform +
flattened +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br />) +
pilose +  and glabrous +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (4.5 cm45 mm <br />0.045 m <br />) +
indehiscent +  and loculicidal +
ovoid;globose +
Upland sites in deciduous oak-hickory woods and pine hardwoods, roadsides, pastures, and utility rights-of-way, moist to wet acidic shrub swamps and pocosins, streamhead ecotones, moist to wet pine savannas and flatwoods +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
deciduous +
deltate +
1mm +  and 1.4mm +
reticulodromous +
hairy +  and glabrous +
revolute;plane;crenate;entire;revolute;plane;crenate;entire +
parietal +, axile +  and placentation +
tenuinucellate +  and unitegmic +
1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br /> (1.5 cm15 mm <br />0.015 m <br />) +
epigynous +  and hypogynous +
reduced +
not sticky +
0.2 cm2 mm <br />0.002 m <br /> (0.3 cm3 mm <br />0.003 m <br />) +
Flowering late spring. +
5-10-carpellate +
in J. Torrey, Fl. New York +
glabrate +  and glabrous +
distinct +
ellipsoid +
deltate +
0.1 cm1 mm <br />0.001 m <br /> (0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br />) +
Illustrated +  and Endemic +
procumbent +  and creeping +
peltate +  and capitate +
straight +
glabrous +  and short-hairy +
Decachaena frondosa +
Gaylussacia frondosa +
Gaylussacia +
species +
papillose +
hairy +  and glabrous +
achlorophyllous +  and chlorophyllous +
evergreen +, deciduous +  and perennial +
heterotrophic +, autotrophic +  and mycotrophic +
multicellular-hairy +