Gillenia stipulata

(Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall in W. P. C. Barton

in W. P. C. Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 71. 1817.

Common names: American ipecac Indian physic
EndemicIllustrated
Basionym: Spiraea stipulata Muhlenberge \× Willdenow Enum. Pl., 542. 1809
Synonyms: Porteranthus stipulatus (Muhlenberge \× Willdenow) Britton
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 9. Treatment on page 425.

Leaves: stipules persistent, depressed-ovate, 10–20 (–25) × 10–20 mm (foliaceous), margins serrate to doubly serrate; leaflet blade ovate-oblong, those of proximal leaves laciniately lobed or dissected, abaxial surface densely sessile or stipitate-glandular, otherwise hirsute to hirsutulous or rarely glabrous, adaxial hirsutulous, eglandular or sparsely sessile-glandular. Hypanthia 4.5–5.5 mm. Petals 10–13 mm. Follicles long-beaked, slightly to prominently rugulose, glabrous or glabrate. 2n = 18.


Phenology: Flowering (Apr–)May–Jul.
Habitat: Rich woods, post oak woodlands, moist places in 2d-growth pine hills, low woods, ravines, stream valleys, prairie thickets, dry, rocky slopes
Elevation: 100–1000 m

Distribution

V9 720-distribution-map.jpg

Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.

Discussion

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.
... more about "Gillenia stipulata"
hirsute +  and hirsutulous or rarely glabrous +
sessile-glandular +  and eglandular +
Guy L. Nesom +
(Muhlenberg ex Willdenow) Nuttall in W. P. C. Barton +
compound +  and simple +
opposite +  and alternate +
Spiraea stipulata +
trullate +  and widely trullate +
3 cm30 mm <br />0.03 m <br /> (9 cm90 mm <br />0.09 m <br />) +
adnate +  and connate +
American ipecac +  and Indian physic +
Ala. +, Ark. +, Ga. +, Ill. +, Ind. +, Kans. +, Ky. +, La. +, Md. +, Mich. +, Miss. +, Mo. +, N.Y. +, N.C. +, Ohio +, Okla. +, Pa. +, Tenn. +, Tex. +, Va. +  and W.Va. +
not +  and aggregated +
100–1000 m +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
unisexual +  and bisexual +
glabrate +  and glabrous +
strigose +  and villous-strigose glabrous or glabrate +
flattened +, broadly ovoid +  and broadly elliptic-ovoid +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.8 cm8 mm <br />0.008 m <br />) +
not +  and aggregated +
not +  and aggregated +
Rich woods, post oak woodlands, moist places in 2d-growth pine hills, low woods, ravines, stream valleys, prairie thickets, dry, rocky slopes +
rhizomatous +  and simple +
purple +  and red +
0.45 cm4.5 mm <br />0.0045 m <br /> (0.55 cm5.5 mm <br />0.0055 m <br />) +
crassinucellate +
persistent +
cauline +  and basal +
lanceolate +  and ovate-oblong +
4 cm40 mm <br />0.04 m <br /> (8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br />) +
serrate +  and doubly serrate +
incised +, dissected +, lobed +, laciniate +  and serrate +
inferior +  and superior +
biseriate +  and clustered +
collateral +  and basal +
2 +  and 4 +
1 +  and 7 +
0 (?) +  and 4 (?) +
free +  and distinct +
unequal +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (1.3 cm13 mm <br />0.013 m <br />) +
Flowering (Apr–)May–Jul. +
adnate +, free +, connate +  and distinct +
in W. P. C. Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. +
not arillate +
rugulose +
persistent +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and loose spreading +
triangular-ovate +
Endemic +  and Illustrated +
free +  and distinct +
erect +  and ascending +
1 +  and 5 +
2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br /> (2.5 cm25 mm <br />0.025 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
1 cm10 mm <br />0.01 m <br /> (2 cm20 mm <br />0.02 m <br />) +
deciduous +
distinct +
basal +, lateral +, subterminal +  and terminal +
filiform +
Porteranthus stipulatus +
Gillenia stipulata +
Gillenia +
species +
gland-tipped +
inconspicuous +
hairy +  and glabrous +