in W. P. C. Barton, Veg. Mater. Med. U.S. 1: 71. 1817.
Leaves: stipules persistent, depressed-ovate, 10–20 (–25) × 10–20 mm (foliaceous), margins serrate to doubly serrate; leaflet blade ovate-oblong, those of proximal leaves laciniately lobed or dissected, abaxial surface densely sessile or stipitate-glandular, otherwise hirsute to hirsutulous or rarely glabrous, adaxial hirsutulous, eglandular or sparsely sessile-glandular. Hypanthia 4.5–5.5 mm. Petals 10–13 mm. Follicles long-beaked, slightly to prominently rugulose, glabrous or glabrate. 2n = 18.
Phenology: Flowering (Apr–)May–Jul.
Habitat: Rich woods, post oak woodlands, moist places in 2d-growth pine hills, low woods, ravines, stream valleys, prairie thickets, dry, rocky slopes
Elevation: 100–1000 m
Ala., Ark., Ga., Ill., Ind., Kans., Ky., La., Md., Mich., Miss., Mo., N.Y., N.C., Ohio, Okla., Pa., Tenn., Tex., Va., W.Va.