Grimmia subg. Grimmia

Schimper

Coroll. Bryol. Eur., 46. 1856,.

Treatment appears in FNA Volume 27. Treatment on page 231. Mentioned on page 226, 232, 233.

Plants to 15 mm. Stem central strand strong. Leaves oblong-ovate to oblong-lanceolate, keeled or concave, margins plane, costa prominent; juxtacostal and marginal basal laminal cells hyaline; distal lamina 2-stratose (1-stratose for G. plagiopodia). Gemmae absent. Sexual condition autoicous (G. crinitoleucophaea dioicous). Seta arcuate to sigmoid (except G. americana), eccentrically attached to capsule. Capsule immersed, smooth, ventricose; stomata 3–4, large, at base of capsule. Calyptra mitrate, just covering operculum.

Distribution

North America, Mexico, Central America, South America, Eurasia, n Africa, Pacific Islands (New Zealand), Australasia, Antarctic

Discussion

Species 4 (4 in the flora).

Members of subgenus Grimmia are recognized by their commonly occurring immersed, ventricose capsules on arcuate to sigmoid setae that are eccentrically attached. Additionally, all these species have three to four large stomata at the very base of the capsule. The entire basal region of the leaf is typically hyaline. Most members of the subgenus are restricted to calcareous habitats. The genus Jaffueliobryum is the only other group in the Grimmiaceae to be so strongly tied to calcareous substrates.

Selected References

None.

... more about "Grimmia subg. Grimmia"
deciduous +  and persistent +
well-defined +
differentiated +
Roxanne I. Hastings +  and Henk C. Greven +
Schimper +
only rarely longer +
not papillose +
toothed +
sinuous +  and straight to sometimes +
sinuose-nodulose;quadrate;elongate +
oblate;elongate +
divided +
undifferentiated +
plicate +  and smooth +
less +  and 1/2 +
not papillose +
small;medium +
sulcate +  and smooth +
pendent +  and erect +
striate +  and smooth +
ventricose +
thin +  and thick +
thick-walled +  and thin-walled +
quadrate +  and rectangular +
excurrent;percurrent;excurrent +
subpercurrent +
reniform +, elliptical +  and terete +
usually not markedly larger +
North America +, Mexico +, Central America +, South America +, Eurasia +, n Africa +, Pacific Islands (New Zealand) +, Australasia +  and Antarctic +
reproduction +  and asexual +
autoicous +  and sexual +
papillose +, mammillose +  and smooth +
specialized +
dioicous +, autoicous +  and sexual +
oblong-ovate +  and oblong-lanceolate keeled or concave +
1;multistratose +
recurved +  and incurved +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
thick-walled +  and sinuose +
rostrate;conic;rostrate;conic;mammillate +
not +  and enlarged +
not +  and differentiated +
lanceolate;linear +
Coroll. Bryol. Eur., +
straight +
arcuate +  and sigmoid +
papillose +  and smooth +
short to long +
ornamented +  and smooth +
globose +
3 +  and 4 +
muticous;long-awned +
Dryptodon +  and Hydrogrimmia +
Grimmia subg. Grimmia +
subgenus +
dark black-green;rusty-redbrown +