Jacquinia

Linnaeus

Fl. Jamaic., 27. 1759 (as Jaquinia), name and orthography conserved ,.

Common names: Cudjoe-wood
Etymology: For Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin, 1727–1817, Austrian botanist
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 8. Treatment on page 253. Mentioned on page 251, 252.

Shrubs or trees, resin canals absent. Stems erect, much-branched; young branches lepidote, hairs irregularly branched, thick-walled. Leaves alternate, sometimes pseudoverticillate; blade oblong-obovate to spatulate, base attenuate, margins entire, apex obtuse to rounded or retuse, mucronate or mucro absent, surfaces glabrous, punctate. Inflorescences terminal [axillary] racemes, 4–30 (–40) -flowered, pedunculate. Pedicels present, bracteate. Flowers: sepals distinct; corolla white or cream, darkening to yellow with age, salverform or short-campanulate, lobes shorter to longer than tube, apex rounded to acute; stamens borne at base of corolla-tube; filaments distinct; anthers at first aggregated around stigma and style, later spreading; staminodes borne at apex of corolla-tube, petaloid; stigma capitate, lobed. Berries orange-red or red, ovoid or globose, apex apiculate. Seeds 2–8, brown or light-brown, oblong to elliptic, subglobose, alveolate, completely covered by placental tissue. x = 18.

Distribution

Fla., Mexico, West Indies, Central America, South America

Discussion

Species 13 (2 in the flora).

Bonellia, with a total of 22 species, was until recently included in Jacquinia. We follow B. Ståhl and M. Källersjö (2004) in treating them separately here.

Selected References

None.

Key

1 Leaves alternate or indistinctly pseudoverticillate, blade 1-4.5 × 0.5-2.5 cm, petiole puberulous-lepidote. Jacquinia keyensis
1 Leaves usually distinctly pseudoverticillate, blade 3-8(-12) × 1.5-5 cm, petiole glabrous or sparsely puberulous. Jacquinia arborea
... more about "Jacquinia"
R. David Whetstone +  and Richard P. Wunderlin +
Linnaeus +
attenuate +
red +  and orange-red +
Globose (?) +  and Ovoid (?) +
oblong-obovate;spatulate +
Cudjoe-wood +
cream darkening +  and yellow +
Fla. +, Mexico +, West Indies +, Central America +  and South America +
dicotyledonous +
For Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin, 1727–1817, Austrian botanist +
capsular +  and baccate +
loculicidal +
thick-walled +  and branched +
pedunculate +  and 4-30(-40)-flowered +
pseudoverticillate +  and alternate +
shorter to longer +
superior;partly inferior +
tenuinucellate +  and bitegmic +
5+-carpellate +
Fl. Jamaic., +
alveolate +
subglobose +, oblong +  and elliptic +
distinct +
epipetalous +  and antipetalous +
epipetalous +  and antisepalous +
much-branched +
Jacquinia +
Theophrastaceae +
glandular-punctate +  and with secretory resin canals +
evergreen +  and perennial +
tree +  and shrub +