Lachnagrostis filiformis

(G. Forst.) Trin.
Common names: Pacific bent
Synonyms: Agrostis retrofracta Agrostis avenacea
Treatment appears in FNA Volume 24. Treatment on page 696.
Please click on the illustration for a higher resolution version.
Illustrator: Sandy Long

Copyright: Utah State University

Plants perennial; cespitose, sometimes rhizomatous. Culms 15-65 cm, erect, sometimes geniculate basally. Sheaths glabrous, sometimes scabridulous; ligules 2.2-7.8 mm, obtuse or acute, lacerate; blades 8-20 cm long, 1-3 mm wide, usually flat, sometimes involute, finely scabrous. Panicles 7-30 cm long, (2) 5-25 cm wide, broadly ovate, loose and diffuse at maturity, bases sometimes not exserted at maturity; branches capillary, scabrous, often deflexed at maturity, branched above the middle, spikelets confined to the distal 1/3; lower branches 5-15 cm; pedicels 0.5-7 mm; disarticulation above the glumes and below the panicles. Spikelets greenish to yellowish, often tinged with purple; rachilla prolongations about 1 mm, bristlelike, pilose distally, hairs about 0.6 mm. Glumes equal to subequal, 2.8-3.6 mm, scabrous on the midvein, at least distally, 1 (3) -veined, apices long-acuminate; callus hairs to 0.5 mm, abundant; lemmas 1.8-2.3 mm, translucent to opaque, usually densely hairy at least on the lower 1/2, hairs to 0.7 mm, 5-veined, apices truncate to obtuse, erose or 2-4-toothed, awned from the middle 1/3 of the lemmas, awns 4-7.5 mm, geniculate; paleas (0.4) 1.2-1.5 mm, usually more than 2/3 the length of the lemmas, thin, veins usually not visible; anthers 3, about 0.5 mm. Caryopses about 1.2 mm; endosperm solid. 2n = 56.

Discussion

Lachnagrostis filiformis is native to New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and Easter Island. In North America, it grows in open, disturbed sites such as roadsides and burned areas, and has been spreading into vernal pools around San Diego, California. It was introduced to North America in the late nineteenth century, but is only known to be established in California. The most recent record located for Texas was collected in 1902. Records from South Carolina are from "waste areas around wool-combing mill; rare, perhaps only a waif." (Weakley, http: //www. herbarium.unc/ edu/flora.htm).

Selected References

None.

Lower Taxa

None.

"decumbent" is not a number.

... more about "Lachnagrostis filiformis"
membranous +  and scarious +
not penicillate +
0.5 cm5 mm <br />0.005 m <br /> (?) +
glabrous +  and hairy +
M.J. Harvey +
(G. Forst.) Trin. +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
straight +
attached +
basal +  and terminal +
geniculate +
0.4 cm4 mm <br />0.004 m <br /> (0.75 cm7.5 mm <br />0.0075 m <br />) +
keeled +  and rounded +
pseudopetiolate +  and branching +
swelling +
8 cm80 mm <br />0.08 m <br /> (20 cm200 mm <br />0.2 m <br />) +
not evident +
folded +  and flat +
1mm;3mm +
capillary +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br />) +
glabrous +  and hairy +
Pacific bent +
not branching +
geniculate +
15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br /> (65 cm650 mm <br />0.65 m <br />) +
not woody +
1/4 +  and 1/3 +
liquid +, soft +  and hard +
capillary +
pistillate +  and staminate +
sometimes longer +
sterile +  and bisexual +
compressed +
reduced +
shorter or longer +
subtending +
ovate-elliptic +  and lanceolate +
subequal +
0.28 cm2.8 mm <br />0.0028 m <br /> (0.36 cm3.6 mm <br />0.0036 m <br />) +
membranous +
1/5 +  and 2/3 +
uncinate +
0 cm0 mm <br />0 m <br /> (0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br />) +
scabridulous +  and scabrous +
translucent +  and opaque +
rounded +
0.18 cm1.8 mm <br />0.0018 m <br /> (0.23 cm2.3 mm <br />0.0023 m <br />) +
lacerate +, acute +  and obtuse +
0.22 cm2.2 mm <br />0.0022 m <br /> (0.78 cm7.8 mm <br />0.0078 m <br />) +
membranous +
inconspicuous +
linear +  and lanceolate +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (15 cm150 mm <br />0.15 m <br />) +
concealed +  and prominent +
2 +  and 1 +
well-developed +
glabrous +  and hairy +
/3 +  and 2 +
2-keeled +
0.12 cm1.2 mm <br />0.0012 m <br /> (0.15 cm1.5 mm <br />0.0015 m <br />) +
7cm +  and 30cm +
5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br /> (25 cm250 mm <br />0.25 m <br />) +
0.05 cm0.5 mm <br />5.0e-4 m <br /> (0.7 cm7 mm <br />0.007 m <br />) +
dry +  and fleshy +
scabridulous +
annual +  and perennial +
tinged with purple +, greenish +  and yellowish +
compressed +
0.07 cm0.7 mm <br />7.0e-4 m <br /> (5 cm50 mm <br />0.05 m <br />) +
1 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
simple +  and compound +
2 (?) +  and 3 (?) +
Agrostis retrofracta +  and Agrostis avenacea +
Lachnagrostis filiformis +
Lachnagrostis +
species +
membranous +
parallel +  and converging +
plant +  and cespitose +
aquatic +  and terrestrial +